Nutrition Macronutrients Video FC Flashcards Preview

Emma's NPLEX II Other Modalities > Nutrition Macronutrients Video FC > Flashcards

Flashcards in Nutrition Macronutrients Video FC Deck (34):
1

What is the best food source for Omega 3 fatty acids?

Fish! Paleo diet

2

What can a deficiency of Omega 3 FAs cause?

Dermatologic and Cardiovascular issues

3

What can a toxicity of Omega-3 FAs cause? From what kind specifically?

Vitamin A toxicity d/t Cod Liver oil

4

What are some indications for Omega 3 FA supplementation? (6)

Atherosclerosis (CAD)
HLD
Immune health function
Mental health issues
DM
Decrease inflammation (anti-inflammatory)
MANY MANY MORE

5

What is the recommended Omega 3 FA dose for CVD?

1 g combined DPA/DHA

6

What is the recommended Omega 3 FA dose for Mental Health?

2-3 g (3 EPA : 1 DHA ratio)

7

What is the recommended Omega 3 FA dose for Dermatologic conditions (i.e. eczema, atopic dermatitis)?

4-6 g (EPA > DHA ratio)

8

When is it better to have a higher ratio of DHA to EPA when it comes to omega-3 FAs?

Brain stuff - infants, pregnancy, post-concussion, TBI

9

What is the main supplemental form of Omega-6 FAs?

GLA

10

When are Omega-6 FAs indicated?

Allergies, RA, Asthma, Hormonal issues

11

What are some food sources of GLA?

Veggies
Borage
Evening Primrose oil

12

If the pt has eczema, what is the best form of FA to prescribe?

What if the pt is complaining of itching d/t eczema?

Omega 3s d/t anti-inflammatory effects


Omega-6 (GLA) for itching specifically

13

What is the MC source of Omega-9 FAs? What food sources is it found in?

Oleic acid

Olive oil, peanuts, avocados, almonds

14

What are indications for Omega-9 FAs?

to DEC BP
Atherosclerosis
DEC cholesterol

15

How would you rank the FA in order of best to worst to supplement?

3s, 9s, 6s, Saturated, Trans

16

What is the RDA for saturated FAs? And what foods are they found in?

20 g/day
Animal products

17

What are some toxicity concerns for sat. FAs?

INC CVD
Colon CA

18

Where are trans FAs found in food?

Hydrogenated oils
Processed foods

19

What can trans FAs cause?

Atherosclerosis

20

What toxicity concern is there for a diet high in simple carbohydrates?

DM, PMS issues, decreased immune function, dental issues

21

What are some indications for simple carbs?

Topical honey on wounds
Dextrose IV fluids to stabilize

22

What is the RDA for complex carbs? And food sources?

300 g (60-70% of total cals)

Fruits, veggies, grains

23

What are some indications for complex carbs?

Blood sugar regulation
Hypoglycemia

24

What are some toxicity issues for complex carbs?

CVD, obesity

25

How does water-soluble vs. water-insoluble fiber act on the body?

Water soluble: absorbs water and forms a gel-like substance
Water insoluble: does not absorb water and makes stool easier to pass

26

What are indications for water soluble fiber?

CVD, DM, IBS, GI issues

27

What are food sources for water soluble fiber?

oatmeal, nuts, beans, apples

28

What are indications for water insoluble fiber?

weight loss, GI/digestive issues

29

What are food sources for water insoluble fiber?

seeds, whole wheat bread, brown rice, fruit skins

30

What is the RDA for protein?

50 g or 0.8/kg/day

31

What are the essential proteins and what is the mnemonic to remember them?

PVT TIM HALL (Private Tim Hall)
Phenylalanine
Valine
Threonine

Tryptophan
Isoleucine
Methionine

Histidine
Arginine
Leucine
Lysine

Pros don't get Tyred
(not Proline and Tyrosine)

32

What are the 2 types of protein deficiency and do you tell them apart?

Prot. Def ALONE = Kwashiorkor
Sx: hypoalbuminemia, edema, hepatosplenomegaly

Prot. and Cal Def COMBINED = Marasmus
Sx: hunger, diarrhea, muscle and fat wasting

33

What are some risks of too much protein in the diet (or conditions that may lead you towards a low protein diet)?

INC risk of CVD
Kidney issues (renal disease, kidney failure)
Gout flares
Urolithiasis (promotes stone formation)
Osteoporosis and Osteoarthritis

34

What are some reasons to have increased protein in the diet?

Pregnancy
Pre-eclampsia