Nutrition Diets Video FC Flashcards Preview

Emma's NPLEX II Other Modalities > Nutrition Diets Video FC > Flashcards

Flashcards in Nutrition Diets Video FC Deck (46):
1

49 yo with DVT, after condition has stabilized, which nutrient would be most indicated for her?

A. 5 mg VIt. K PO
B. 300 mg citrus bioflavonoids PO
C. 400 IU topical Vit. E massaged into calf
D. 100 mg Vit B6 and 500 mg Mg IV push

B. 300 mg citrus bioflavonoids PO (indicated for circulatory health)

Every option has a diff. nutrient. NEED to know INDICATIONS (route of administration and dose less important).

Vit K - clotting and bone health
Vit E - not useful topically here
B6 and Mg - not helpful for stabilization of DVT and why IV push

2

Which of the following lifestyle changes would best help prevent recurrence of DVT?

A. Deep breathing
B. Diff. form of birth control
C. Adding back animal protein to diet
D. Engaging in different form of exercise that's non-weight bearing

B. Diff. from of birth control (associated with INC risks of clotting and thrombosis)

3

Diverticulitis case, which dietary recommendation would be the most appropriate?

A. High protein x 2 wks, then moderate protein
B. Complex carb x 1 mo, then high fiber
C. Bland diet x 2 weeks, then gradual re-introduction of seasoned food
D. Soft, low fiber diet x 1 month, followed by high fiber/low residue diet

D. Soft, low fiber diet x 1 month, followed by high fiber/low residue diet

Why?
Soft/low fiber = bland diet, then high fiber/low residue diet (error in way question is asked, high fiber is high residue and can prevent reoccurrence of diverticulitis)

Not A - nonsense, no help for diverticulitis
Not B - nonsense for complex carb part
Not C - bland diet makes sense, gradual re-intro for seasoned food (why is that helpful therapeutically)

4

Diverticulitis case, which dietary recommendation would be the most appropriate?

A. Bland diet x 2 weeks, then gradual return to typical diet
B. High protein x 2 wks, then moderate protein
C. Soft, low fiber diet x 1 month, followed by high fiber/Whole Foods diet
D. Diet rich in complex carb x 1 mont, then high-fiber diet

C. Soft, low fiber diet x 1 month, followed by high fiber/Whole Foods diet

5

What diet encourages consumption of plant based foods, whole grains, legumes, nuts, healthy fats (olive oil), herbs/salt, and recommends avoidance of red meat/wine?

Mediterranean diet

6

What diet encourages 1 handful of nuts per day with plant sterols, viscous fiber, and soy protein?

Portfolio diet

7

What diet is low in sodium and encourages grains, veggies/fruits, dairy, lean meat, poultry, fish, nuts/seeds, legumes, fats/oils?

DASH diet

8

What does DASH stand for?

Dietary approaches to stop HTN

9

What diet encourages meat, fish, veggies/fruit, but avoids grains, processed foods, and dairy?

Paleo diet

10

What diet is high in animal products and less fat and carbs?

High protein diet (Atkins or Zone)

11

What diet is low in protein consumption?

Low protein diet

12

What diet includes tolerated foods at regular intervals (q3-4 days) to avoid new sensitivities?

Rotation Diet

13

What diet encourages elimination of reactive foods?

Oligoantigenic diet

14

What diet encourages several weeks of hypoallergenic foods ONLY, then gradual reintroduction and testing?

Elimination diet or hypoallergenic diet or food intolerance diet

15

What diet has patient's consuming offending foods after abstaining from them for several weeks?

Challenge diet

16

What diet encourages Whole Foods, veggies, and less carbs (unless they are high quality and complex carbs)?

High Fiber diet, low fat diet, Pritikin or Ornish diet

17

What diet is high in fat and low in protein/carb?

Ketogenic or high fat diet

18

What diet encourages lots of carbohydrate consumption?

High carb diet (honestly also SAD)

19

What diet involves elimination of gluten?

Gluten free diet (GFD)

20

Which of the following do not contain gluten?

Wheat, Barley, Buckwheat, Rye

Buckwheat does not contain gluten!

21

What diet is NO food, only water?

Fasting

22

What diet is liquid nutrition only with AA, short-chain polysaccharides, and TGs?

Elemental diet

23

What diet excludes foods that are irritating to the GI tract including fiber from whole grains and cruciferous veggies?

Bland Diet

24

What conditions is a bland diet indicated for?

PUD, GERD, Diverticulitis

25

What are contraindications of a bland diet?

Acute flare of IBS/IBD

26

What conditions is an elemental diet indicated for?

malnutrition (d/t Crohn's or hospitalization)

27

What conditions is fasting indicated for?

Detox, Obesity, DM

28

What are CI for a fasting diet?

Eating DO, underweight, pregnancy

29

What conditions is a GFD indicated for?

Celiac

30

What conditions is a high carb diet indicated for?

Malnourishment

31

What are CI for a high carb diet?

Dental issues, cavities

32

What conditions is a high fat diet indicated for?

Epilepsy

33

What conditions is a high fiber diet indicated for?

EVERYTHING!

34

What are CI for a high fiber diet?

Acute flare of GI conditions

35

What are CI for a high protein diet?

Kidney dz (Burden on kidneys during kidney failure)
OA and Heart Dz (INC worsening of condition)
Gout (high purine intake can worsen)

36

What conditions is a high protein diet indicated for?

DM, Obesity, Anorexia

37

What conditions is a low protein diet indicated for?

Renal failure, gout, osteoporosis

38

What are CI for a low protein diet?

Renal failure caused by DM (still should eat protein, because too high carbs without protein can worsen DM)

39

What conditions is a rotation diet indicated for?

Food allergies, after elimination diet

40

What conditions is a oligoantigenic diet indicated for?

food sensitivities/allergies, asthma, ADHD, EVERYTHING

41

What conditions is a challenge diet indicated for?

food sensitivities and allergies

42

What are CI for a challenge diet?

severe deadly allergy, infection (false positive symptoms)

43

What conditions is a paleo diet indicated for?

stabilize blood sugar, CVD health, decreases allergies, autoimmune dz

M/b improves sleep, anti-inflammatory, and MORE!

44

What conditions is a DASH diet indicated for?

HTN

45

What conditions is a portfolio diet indicated for?

HLD

46

What conditions is a mediterranean diet indicated for?

Heart health! DEC heart dz, CA, Parkinson's, alzheimer's