Nutrition Module 8: Micronutrients Review Flashcards Preview

SMP - MNE Exam 2 > Nutrition Module 8: Micronutrients Review > Flashcards

Flashcards in Nutrition Module 8: Micronutrients Review Deck (194)
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181

What is the alarm threshold for Vitamin E deficiency?

People who avoid oils, fats, nuts, and seeds

182

What is the alarm threshold for Vitamin C deficiency?

Fewer than 1 serving of VC rich foods

183

What is the alarm threshold for Carotenoids deficiency?

Fewer than 1 serving of carotenoids rich foods

184

What is the alarm threshold for calcium deficiency?

Fewer than 2 servings of calcium rich foods

185

Which 3 nutrients should also be evaluated together?

1. Calcium
2. Vitamin D
3. Phosphate

186

What is the alarm threshold for Vitamin D deficiency?

Fewer than 2 servings of VD rich foods and less than 15 min in sun

187

What is the alarm threshold for phosphate excess intake?

MORE than 5 servings of phosphate rich foods

188

What is the alarm threshold for thiamin deficiency?

Avoids pork, tuna, meat substitutes and gets fewer than 3 servings of grains

189

What is the alarm threshold for riboflavin deficiency?

Fewer than 3 servings of thiamin rich foods

190

What is the alarm threshold for excess protein?

More than 1 oz per 10 lbs

191

What nutrient can only be absorbed along with fat?

Vitamin D

192

What is Kwashiorkor?

Sufficient calories but insufficient proteins leading to:
1. Abdominal edema due to low serum album causing a decrease in oncotic pressure
2. Slowed growth because reduced GH and TH
3. Recurrent infections due to lack of immunoglobulins and other immune cells (often diarrhea)
4. Apathy and weakness due
5. Pale nail beds
6. Reddish easily plucked hair
7. Low hematocrit
8. Low K+ due to high aldosterone and diarrhea

193

Why would providing food to a child with Kwashiorkor cause diarrhea?

Because the bolus of chyme triggers GI tract contractions worsening the diarrhea

194

What is Marasmus?

Insufficient calories AND proteins = muscle wasting and emaciation