Objective 7 Pharmagents Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Objective 7 Pharmagents Deck (19):
1

What do Analgesics do?

Pain relief, reduce fever, relieve symptoms of inflammation.

2

Examples of Non-narcotic Analgesics are?

Asprin, aceaminophen and ibuprofin

3

Examples of narcotic analgesics are?

Morphine, codine, methadone

4

Examples of Combo Analgesics are?

oxycodone, vicodine

5

Ocular side effects are:

pupil constriction, decreased vision, dryness, or allergic reaction of the lids or conjunctivia.

6

What are Oral Antibiotics?

They inhibit the growth of bacteria

7

What are some examples of oral antibiotics?

Trobramycin, Erythromycin, penicillin, tetracyclines and sulphomamides.

8

What are some ocular side effects of antibiotics?

Tetraclycins may cause color vision defects, diplopia, papilledema (swelling of the optic nerve and transient myopia)
Other side effects: could cause keratitis, delayed wound healing , decreases vision, dermatitis, loss of lashes, photosensitivity and discoloration of contact lens

9

What are Anti-infectives (Anti-virals)?

They are used to treat viral infections. Specific antivirals are used for specific viruses to inhibit their development.

10

Examples of Anti-infectives

Zoviraz, Valtrex

11

What are some ocular side effects of anti-virals?

Zovirax "visual abnormalities"
Valtrex Yellowing of the sclera
Other side effects may include allergic reactions and edema affecting the lid and conjunctivia.

12

What are Anti-fungals?

Used to treat infection caused by organic materials such as a tree branch

13

Examples of anti-fungals are:

Natamycin, Fluconazole, Amphotericin B.

14

What are the ocular side effects of Anti-fungals?

No adverse ocular side effects

15

What do Antihistamines do?

Relieve symptoms by blocking histamines

16

What are ocular side effects of anithistamines?

constriction of pupils, decreased vision, pupil dilation, decreased lacrimation resulting in Keratitis sicca, photosensitivity and reduced blink rate.

17

What do Gastrointestinal drugs do?

they affect the digestive system, including the mouth, esophagus, stomach, duodenum, small and large intestines and anus. Usuall used to relieve symptoms rather than cure the disease.

18

Name 3 Gastrointestinal drugs:

Antacids, antidiarrheal, antinauseants, antiulcer, antispasmatic, cathartic (laxative)

19

Ocular side effects of Gastrointestinal drugs?

Decreased vision, photophobia, conjuctivitis, mydriasis, blepharitis, corneal deposits, edema and reduced lacrimation.