Objective 8 Ocular Side Effects Drugs Flashcards Preview

Practicum Level 2 > Objective 8 Ocular Side Effects Drugs > Flashcards

Flashcards in Objective 8 Ocular Side Effects Drugs Deck (35):
1

What are cardiovascular drugs?

they act on the heard, veins, arteries and blood vessels. Different types of drugs are used to treat various conditions and have different effects on the systems.

2

What do Anticoagulants do?

They are blood thinners that reduce clotting.

3

Ocular side effects of anticoagulants are:

hyphema (blood in the anterior chamber), subconjunctival or retinal hemorrhages, conjunctivitis and possible allergic reactions

4

What are Antianginals?

They stop Angina (chest pain)

5

What are ocular side effects of Antianginal?

No ocular side effects.

6

What are Antiarrhythmics?

Controls the heart beat

7

What are some ocular side effects of antiarrhythmics?

Deposits on the cornea, giving a halo effect, night vision foggy, keratitis sicca, optic neuritis and or optical neuropathy

8

What are Antihypertensives for?

To control High Blood pressure

9

What are the ocular side effects of antihypertensives?

Depending on the type the side effects can range from no side effects to "visual disturbances" photophobia, yellow cast to vision, blurred vision and problems with cataract surgery.

10

What are Antihyperlipidemics?

To help prevent hardening of arteries, contro cholestrol and triglycerides.

11

What are ocular side effects of Antihyperlipidemics?

usually no side effects can cause diplopia and blurred vision in a small amount of pxs

12

What are Cardiac Glycosides:

They slow the heart rate, but increase the force of its contraction

13

What are some of the ocular side effects of Cardiac Glycosides?

No side effect to blurred vision, and yellowish vision.

14

What are Central Nervous System Drugs?

Mainly used for stimulating or relaxing mental and physical activity

15

What are general ocular side effects of CNS drugs?

Miosis, mydriasis, decreased vision, allergic reactions, intraocular pressure changes and edema

16

What are Ocular side effects of Anticonvulsants?

Photophobia, diplopia and blurred vision

17

What are some Ocular side effects of antidepressants?

Blurred vision, accommodative problems mydriassis

18

What are some Ocular side effects of MAOIs?

mydriasis, accommodative and photophobia , blurred vision

19

What are ocular side effects of SSRIs?

mydriasis, Blurred vision, and vision changes.

20

What are some Ocular side effects of Tricyclic?

Keratitis sicca, accommodation, propensity for inducing angle-closure glaucoma, blurred vision.

21

What are some Ocular side effect of Mood-altering Medications?

Photophobia, diplopia, blurred vison

22

What are some ocular side effects on Antipsychotic medications?

Pigmentation of the conjunctiva, cornea and eyelids Pigmentary retinal degeneration, cataracts, reduction of night vision and scotomas, Retinal pigmentary changes, brownish tint to vision.

23

What are some ocular is effects of Tranquilizers (anxiety or tension)?

Blurred vison

24

What are some ocular side effects of Sedatives?

Blurred vision

25

What are ocular side effects of stimulants?

No ocular side effects

26

What are ocular side effects for Antiparkinsonism Agents?

involuntary eye movement, ptosis, occasionally sever belpharospasms. mydriasis, loss of accommodation. May lead to angle-closue glaucoma and corneal deem in those with shallow anterior chambers.

27

What are some ocular side effect of Antinausea Agents?

Prob with visual perception

28

What are some ocular side effect of Prescription medication for Vascular Headaches (migraine and cluster headaches)?

Blurred vision (altho often migraines can produce visual symptoms)

29

What are some ocular side effect of Antidiabetics?

dry eye, decreased vision, allergic reactions, deem, conjunctivitis, photosensitivity and mydriasis.

30

What are some ocular side effect of Estrogens (contraceptives and menopause)?

Keratitis, sicca, increased pressure of the fluid around the brain can occur when can lead to visual changes and swelling to the optic nerve and certain retinal vascular problems can be worsened.

31

What are some ocular side effect of Anti-estrogens (breast cancer)?

Crystaline deposits in cornea and retina and yellowing of the sclera.

32

What are some ocular side effect of Ovulatory agents?

Blurred vision, flashing lights and floaters.

33

What are some ocular side effect of Progestins?

Diplopia and yellowing sclera

34

What are some ocular side effect of Thyroid hormones?

yellowing of sclera

35

What are some ocular side effect of Corticosteroids?

glaucoma, cataract formation, delayed ealing of the cornea, punctate staining of the cornea, mydriasis, ptosis, damage to the optic nerve, thinning of the sclera as well as changes in visual acuity and visual field defects.