OCD Flashcards Preview

KB - Psychiatry > OCD > Flashcards

Flashcards in OCD Deck (10):
1

What is OCD?

Obsessive thoughts
Compulsive behaviour

2

How long must the symptoms be present for?

Must be present for 2 weeks at least

3

What is the purpose of compulsive behaviour in OCD?

To neutralise the obsessive thoughts

4

Describe the obsessive thoughts in OCD.

ideas, images or impulses
patient's own thoughts
unpleasant, resisted, ego-dystonic

5

Describe the compulsive behaviour in OCD.

repeated rituals
not enjoyable or functional
distressing and interfere with life

6

What are some risk factors for OCD?

family history
male gender
pregnancy

7

How is OCD diagnosed?

No initial test
Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale

8

What is the treatment of OCD?

CBT
SSRIs
clomipramide (tricyclic antidepressant)

9

What are some common obsessions in OCD?

fear of being contaminated
need for symmetry or exactness
fear of causing harm to someone
sexual obsessions
religious obsession
fear of behaving unacceptably
fear of making a mistake

10

What are some common compulsions in OCD?

counting
repeating words silently
ruminating
attempting to 'neutralise' thoughts