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Flashcards in PTSD Deck (11):
1

What is PTSD?

A disorder that can develop (immediately or delayed) after a stressful even or situation of extremely threatening or catastrophic nature

2

What kind of events can cause PTSD?

serious accident
school violence
domestic violence
natural disaster
terrorist attack
torture
combat exposure
sudden death of loved one
rape or sexual abuse

3

What are the 4 types of symptoms you get with PTSD?

intrusions
avoidance
negative alterations in modi and cognition
alterations in arousal or reactivity

4

What are intrusions?

flashbacks
intrusive images and sensory impressions
dreams/nightmares

5

What is avoidance?

avoiding people, situations or circumstances resembling or associating with the event

6

What are some negative alterations in mood and cognition?

feeling alienated from others
constricted affect
diminished interest in activities
distorted negative beliefs in oneself/ the world
inability to remember key details of the event

7

What are some alterations in arousal or reactivity?

hyper vigilance
exaggerated startle response
irritability
difficulty concentrating
sleep problems

8

What are some risk factors for developing PTSD?

low social support
history of mental disorder
history of drug and alcohol abuse

9

How is PTSD diagnosed?

PTSD checklist
Davidson trauma scale etc.

10

What is the treatment of PTSD?

watchful waiting and follow up
trauma focused CBT
antidepressants
- SSRIs e.g. paroxetine, fluoxetine, sertraline

11

Why might antidepressants be started before CBT?

If the patient either:
- expresses preference not to engage in CBT
- can't start CBT due to serious ongoing threat e.g. domestic violence
- lack of availability