Flashcards in Psychosis and Schizophrenia Deck (22):
What is psychosis?
inability to distinguish between subjective experience and reality
What is affected in psychosis?
ability to recognise reality ability to communicate and relate to others
What are the classic characteristics of psychosis?
lack of insight
What is a hallucination?
a perception which occurs in the absence of external stimulus
experienced as originating in real space (not just in thoughts)
What are the different types of hallucination?
somatic e.g. insects crawling on skin
visual (simple - light flashes, complex - face or figure)
auditory (2nd or 3rd person)
What is the most common type of hallucination?
What is passivity phenomenon?
behaviour experienced as being controlled by external agency
What can passivity phenomenon affect?
thoughts - e.g. thought broadcasting, withdrawal or insertion
actions and feelings
What is thought broadcasting?
the belief that others can hear or are aware of your thoughts
e.g. someone refusing to explain their problem 'I know you know what I'm thinking'
What is thought insertion?
experiencing your own thoughts as someone else's e.g. someone complaining of violent thoughts 'put there by satan'
What is thought withdrawal?
the belief that thoughts have been taken out of your mind
e.g. belief that a government agency is stealing your thoughts
What are some common delusional themes in schizophrenia?
self referential experiences
What are common auditory hallucinations in schizophrenia?
What are self referential experiences?
the belief that external events are related to oneself
can vary in intensity
e.g. people are talking about me, radio transmitting message for me, car reg plate containing hidden messages
What are some differentials for psychotic symptoms?
psycho-active substance use
What core psychotic symptoms are present in schizophrenia?
What are some positive symptoms in schizophrenia?
disorder of form of thought
What are some negative symptoms in schizophrenia?
restricted range of affect
decreased social interaction
decreased motivation and interest
What is the biggest risk factor for developing schizophrenia?
positive family history
What is the speech like in schizophrenia?
How is schizophrenia diagnosed?