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Flashcards in Odyssey Final Exam Review Deck (100)
0

How does the Odyssey open?
To whom?

An invocation
Muse

1

Odysseus fought to bring shipmates home - this shows what quality?

Heroic

2

What was the worst kind of death for Greeks?

Being lost at sea

3

What does Odysseus say he is famous for?

Cunning; clever

4

Who is a goddess with human desires? She loves Odysseus

Calypso

5

Who are the inhabitants on Ismarus?

Cicones

6

The __ shows how close the shipmates must have been

Grief

7

Odysseus runs into a storm and __

Must seek refuge

8

After __ days of sailing, the men arrive at the island of the __
They offer the men lotus

10
Lotus Eaters

9

What happens to the sailors after arriving at the Island of the Lotus Eaters?

They become so addicted to the lotus, that they forget about their journey home

10

What does Odysseus do when his men forget about going home?

Drags them back to the boat + forbids them from eating anymore lotus

11

Where did souls not go?
Where do they go?

Neither heaven nor hell
To the underworld

12

Greek belief = no __ but no __

Punishment
Reward

13

Odysseus promises __ a proper burial

Elpenor

14

What does Tiresias tell Odysseus?

That Poseidon is mad at him for blinding his son
That men are trying to court his wife back home

15

Tiresias predicts that __

Only Odysseus will make it home

16

What does Tiresias recommend to Odysseus?

That he makes a large sacrifice to Poseidon

17

Odysseus asks his shipmates to tie him to the __ so he is not enticed by the __

Mast
Sirens

18

Odysseus __ men

Rallies

19

How many men are lost at sea?

6

20

How does Odysseus fell about this? (That the certain number of people were lost at sea)

Guilty

21

What does Tiresias warn Odysseus about?

To not touch Helios's cattle

22

Eurylochus persuades men into __

Eating and killing the cattle

23

Odysseus takes a nap, and when he wakes up he realizes his men __
(On Helios's island)

Betrayed him and ate the cattle

24

What does Zeus do as a result of them eating the cattle?

He throws a lightning bolt across the ship as they sailed

25

How is the ship wrecked?
(When leaving Helios's island)

A storm caused by Zeus

26

Odysseus floats to where after the ship is wrecked from leaving Helios's island?

Calypso's Island

27

Of the 10 years, how many are spent with Calypso?

7

28

Who is Scylla?

Sea Monster with 6 heads

29

Who is Charybdis?

Giant Whirlpool

30

Why does Odysseus not like the Cyclopes?

They are uncivilized

31

Compared to the cyclops, what does this say about Greek society?

Value a law abiding culture
Practiced agriculture

32

Odysseus and __ men enter the cave

12

33

What do Odysseus's men want to do once they enter the cave?
(2 things)

Steal food
Let sheep loose

34

How does Odysseus respond? (To what the men want to do once they enter the cave)

Odysseus says no because he wants to see the Cyclops

35

__ leads Odysseus to disregard his better judgement

Curiosity

36

What doe Odysseus warn to the Cyclops?

That Zeus does not take friendly to those who are rude to travelers

37

Odysseus is famous for __ in peace and __

Guile
War

38

They spent __ days and night on the Island of the Lotus Eaters

2

39

The shipmates are really close because __

They go through war, anxiety, and everything with each other

40

How many men does the Cyclops eat?

6

41

How did the Cyclops treat the Greeks? The animals?

Poorly
Nicely

42

Cyclops do not believe in __
(2 things)

Hospitality + the gods

43

What is the escape plan for getting out of the cave?

They tie themselves under the bellies of the sheep

44

As they get into the boat and leave the Cyclops's island, what does Odysseus do?

He taunts the Cyclops

45

The gloomy storms and seas represent __
(Leaving the Cyclops's island)

The danger of the event

46

How long did it take Odysseus to get home?

20 years

47

Odysseus sails for __ days and lands in the island of the __ (cannibals)

7
Laestrygonians

48

Who protected Odysseus with a special herb?

Hermes

49

How long does Odysseus stay with Circe?

1 year

50

When is there only 1 ship?

After the Laestryogians

51

Elysium = ?

Heaven

52

When do all the men get killed?

When Zeus casts the lightning bolt

53

Who is Elpanor?

One of Odysseus's soldiers who got drunk and fell off the roof

54

Tiresias = ?

A prophet

55

Where does Circe tell Odysseus to go?

Hades

56

Odysseus stays with whom?

Tiresias

57

Odysseus puts __ in the sailors ears so they don't ear the __

Wax
Sirens

58

Tying Odysseus to the mast is an example of what?

Self restrain

59

What does Odysseus tell his men when they are going through Scylla?

Row as hard as you can

60

Odysseus is comparing Scylla whisking his men to __

A fisherman hooking a fishing and ripping it through the air

61

Who put Odysseus to sleep when they were on the island of the sun god?

The gods

62

Eurymachus does what?

Tried to bargain with Odysseus
We'll pay for your wine and food if you don't kill us

63

When he arrives in Ithaca he looks like __

A beggar

64

Who warns Odysseus when he gets back to Ithaca?

Athena

65

Telemachus journeys to Sparta to __

Learn about his father

66

Telemachus starts to cry, and what is Odysseus's reply?

Prince's don't show emotion

67

What does Odysseus warn to Telemachus?

Not to reveal that Odysseus is a beggar

68

Eumaeus = ?

Swine herder

69

Atintous throws a __ at Odysseus

Stool

70

Penelope feels bad for Odysseus and asks the "beggar" if he knows anything about whom?

Odysseus

71

What does Penelope propose?

If you can string Odysseus's bow and throw it through 12 axe handles sockets, I'll marry you

72

How long do Penelope hold off the suitors?

3 years

73

What does Penelope do to hold the suitors off?

She ties a shroud for her dead husband every night and then unties it every night

74

Shoots Atinous in the __

Head

75

What did they do at the end? (The very very end)

They went off to live in a peaceful place until old age

76

Odysseus built the bed around __

an old trunk of an olive tree

77

What location is Eurolochus killed?

Stomach

78

What does the Cyclops do when his eye was struck?

He calls out to the other Cyclops

79

What does Odysseus say is his name? (To the Cyclops)

Nobody

80

Why would Odysseus say that that is his name?

So the Cyclops would say that "Nobody" harmed him

81

What does the Cyclops do as Odysseus taunts him?

Throws boulders at the ship

82

Due to __, what mistake does Odysseus make as they are sailing away? (Cyclops)

Pride
Reveals his name

83

Who also removes Odysseus disguise?
Who is shocked to see Odysseus and thinks it's a trick?

Athena
Telemachus

84

What is the dog's name?

Argus

85

What happens when the dog sees Odysseus?

It dies

86

Penelope waited __ years for Odysseus

20

87

Odysseus fooled around with __ = __

Calypso
Double Standard

88

Who does Odysseus kill first?

Atinous

89

Odysseus, Telemachus, and __ kill all the __

Eumaeus
Suitors

90

Archetype = ?

An element that recurs throughout the literature of different cultures

91

Describes the actions of gods or heroes or explains the origins of elements of nature
(Type of literary form)

Myth

92

Heroics, adventure, magic, or romance
Simple formula

Folk Tale

93

Recounts the adventures of a hero from the past

Legend

94

Long narrative poem
Combines features of myths and legends

Epic

95

Alcinous = ?

King of the Phaecians
To whom Odysseus tells his story

96

Agamemnon = ?

King and leader of Greek forces

97

Who is Odysseus's father?

Laertes

98

Who is the housekeeper for Penelope?

Eurynome

99

Who is the blind prophet who advised Odysseus?

Tiresias