Ophthalmology Flashcards Preview

aNeuro Exam 3- Lindsey's > Ophthalmology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ophthalmology Deck (66)
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1

What is the tx for angle closure glaucoma?

  • laser
  • peripheral iridotomy

2

What is subconjunctival hemorrhage?

a ruptured BV under the conjunctiva

3

What is the tx for subconjunctival hemorrhage?

none- usu resolves in 1 week

4

____ is a reactivation of VZV affecting the eyes.

Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus

5

This is a gradual clouding of the eye's natural lens --> progressive decline in vision.

cataracts

6

Dx?

  • ocular/periorbital eye pain
  • photophobia
  • blurred/cloudy vision
  • redness near the limbuss
  • irregular shaped pupil

iritis

7

What can cause cataracts in younger pts?

  • diabetes
  • steroids
  • trauma radiation

8

What is the tx for corneal ulcers?

  • small = hourly fluoroquinolone
  • large = culture, fortified Abx (vanc, tobra)

9

What color does the eye appear in viral conjunctivitis?

pink

10

What is corneal abrasion?

a very painful scratch involving the cornea

11

What are the s/s of Herpetic keratitis?

  • unilateral eye redness
  • pain, photophobia
  • decreased vision
  • tearing
  • fluorescein shows dendritic epi ulcers in branching patterns with terminal bulbs

12

What is the tx for bacterial conjunctivitis?

Abx eye drops x 1 week (fluorooquinolone)

13

What are the s/s of iritis?

  • ocular/periorbital eye pain
  • photophobia
  • blurred/cloudy vision
  • redness near the limbus
  • irregular shaped pupil

14

What is open angle glaucoma?

a progressive disease of the optic nerve assoc. with increased intraocular pressure

15

What are the s/s of angle closure glaucoma?

  • unilateral severe eye pain
  • nausea
  • redness
  • blurred vision
  • halos around lights
  • sluggish, mid-dilated pupil
  • conjunctival injection
  • hazy cornea and shallow anterior chamber

16

What is the tx for iritis?

  • topical steroid eye drops
  • dilating eye drops

17

____ is a common viral infection that affects the corneal epi.

Herpetic keratitis

18

This is a progressive disease of the optic nerve assoc. with increased intraocular pressure.

open angle glaucoma

19

What can cause bilateral red eyes?

  • dry eyes
  • allergic conjunctivits

20

What is pterygium?

a benign fibrocascular tumor that is UV induced

21

What is the tx for viral conjunctivitis?

  • usu. self limiting; good hand hygeine and cool compresses, artificial tears
  • severe case: topical steroid eye drops

22

What is conjunctivitis?

  • pink eye inflammation of the conjunctiva
  • caused by virus or bacteria
  • few days in duration
  • eye pain, discharge, blurred vision, mattering of eyelids in the morning

23

What is the tx for Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus?

  • oral acyclovir or valacyclovir
  • artificial tears

24

What is the tx herpetic keratitis?

  • topical trifluridine
  • oral acyclovir
  • contact lenses
  • corneal transplants

25

What is Herpetic keratitis?

a viral infection of the corneal epi, usu by HSV1

26

Dx?

  • unilateral severe eye pain
  • nausea
  • redness
  • blurred vision
  • halos around lights
  • sluggish, mid-dilated pupil
  • conjunctival injection
  • hazy cornea and shallow anterior chamber

angle closure glaucoma

27

____ is when the eye progressively loses its ability to focus on near objects.

Presbyopia

28

What is the most common causative organism of conjunctivitis?

adenovirus

29

Is bacterial or viral conjunctivitis more common?

viral

30

What is the tx for cataracts?

surgery (phacoemulsification and replacement lens)