Flashcards in Ophtho_Derm_Respiratory_UW_pretest Deck (69)
Most common predisposing factor to orbital cellulitis
Gonococcal conjunctivitis aka
3 most common causes of conjunctivitis in neonates
Chemical, gonoccocal conjunctivitis, chlamydial
What day does chlaymdial conjunctivitis present and gonococcal conjnctivitivs
5-14 days; 2-5 days
Gonoccocal conjunctivitis can be prevented with?
Erythomycin ointment within 1 hour of birth.
Follicular conjunctivitis and pannus (neovascularization) in the cornea
Ophtho exam for infants
Fixation and tracking
Ophtho exam for older infants and children
Viscual acuity testing for kids older than 3
Snellen letter chart
What is strabismus
treatment of strabismus
Forced used of eye with defect. Cover normal eye, or put cyclopegic drops in normal eye (make it blurry)
Abnormal findings for strabismus
constant stabismus at any age, eye deviation after 4 months of age, asymmetry of corneal light reflexes, asymmetry intensity of red reflexes, deviation on cover test, torticollis or head lift
Erythema multiforme usually follows what kind of infection?
"Target" lesions. Follows herpes simplex infection.
Measles rash compared to rubella rash.
Measles tend to be more severe than rubella. Also a/w high fever (up to 104), coryza, and malaise.
Scarlet fever rash has what kind of texture
Sandpaper due to numerous tiny papules
Congenital rubella ppt?
sensorineural hearing loss, intellectual disability, cardiac anomalies, cataracts, glaucoma
Presentation of rubella in children?
low grade fever, cephalocaudal rash, blanching, maculopapular; conjunctivitis, coryza, cervical lypahdenopathy, Florscheimer spots
Dx of rubella
PCR, and acute serology of IgM and IgG
What is eczema herpeticum and presentation?
Form of primary herpes simplex virus infection a/w atopic dermatitis. Numerous vesicles over area of atopic dermatitis is typical.
How should eczema herpeticum in infants be treated?
Can be life threatening in infants. Treat with acyclovir.
Some infantile hemangiomas can be treated with?
Preferred initital treatment for tinea capitis
Tinea capitis is?
Superficial dermatophytosis that occurs commonly in children, especially african american.
What is erythema toxicum neonatorum (ETN)
asymptomatic, blotchy, erythematous papules and pustules. Can change appearance. Occurs in first 2 weeks of life.
Allergic contact dermatitis is an example of what kind of hypersensitivity
Type IV which is aka cell-mediated, delayed-type
type 1 hypersensitivity
aka immediate hypersensitivity. IgE mediated. Allergen binds and cross-reacts with 2 IgE molecules attached to mast cell. Atopy, urticaria, anaphyslaxis
Type 2 hypersensitivity.
aka antibody mediated hypersensitvity. Cytotoxic reactions involve specific reactions of IgG or IgM to cell-bound antigens. The antibodies then activiate complement resulting in cell damage. Example hemolytic anemia
Type 3 hypersensitvity
aka immune complex mediated hypersensitivity. Antibodies of IgM or IgG form complexes with antigens and nonspecifically activate the complement cascade and other inflammatory processes. Examples include serum sickness.
HSV infection on face is usually where?