Flashcards in Oral Mucosa in Disease and Dental Caries Deck (31):
3 causes of a lump?
Hyperplasia, tumours, infection
4 causes of white patches?
Trauma, infection, immune, dysplasia
3 causes of red patch?
Vascular, immune, dysplasia
What can lack of saliva, salivary gland disease and diabetes cause?
A dry mouth
What drug can cause a dry mouth?
What do recurrent oral ulceration, oral dysaesthesia, oral candida, angular cheilitis and smooth tongue all suggest?
Give four underlying reasons for iron deficiency?
What is recurrent aphthous stomatitis a cause of?
Anaemia or haematinic deficiency
What can Crohns, sarcoidosis and allergies cause that swells the lips and cheeks?
What part of the GI tract can Crohns affect?
Any part of Gi tract
In Crohns disease what can obstruction of lymphatics cause?
In Crohn's disease, what is mucosal oedema described as?
What are three oral manifestations of direct involvement in Crohns?
1. Oral ulceration - mucosal tags
2. Cobblestone mucosa - swollen lips
3. Angular cheilitis
What condition involves dental enamel erosion and mucosal irritation and fibrosis?
What condition has hypersensitivity - villous atrophy?
What cures coeliac disease?
Gluten free diet
What two drugs used in UC could cause oral effects?
1. Sulphasalazine type
In UC, what do oral lesions resolve with?
With diabetes type II, what can be seen in the mouth?
What disease can show candida, oral ulcerastion, Kaposi's sarcoma, herpes lesions, hairy leukoplakia, warts, severe gingitivits and bone loss?
What can low vitamin A, C and iron be a risk for?
What is HPV 16 & 18 associated with?
What are two high risk sites for oral cancer?
1. Soft (non-keratinising) sites - ventraltongue/floor of mouth
2. Lateral tongue
What are erythroplakia, erythroileukoplakia, leukoplakia, erosive lichen planus, subm,ucous fibrosis and dyskeratosis congenita?
Potentially maligant lesions
What are dysphagia, change in voice, unexplained pain in mouth or neck, numb feeling in lips and face and red/white lesions signs of?
What are the 4 relevant questions to ask about an oral lesion?
4 causes of ulceration?
RAS, trauma, tumour, infection
What is a dynamic process involving the exchange of calcium and phosphate ions between tooth structure and saliva (plaque fluid), in the presence of acids produced by the fermentation of carbohydrates by oral micro-organisms?
What are the three factors in caries aetiology?
How are dental caries measured?