Oral Mucosa in Disease and Dental Caries Flashcards Preview

JL Gastrointestinal > Oral Mucosa in Disease and Dental Caries > Flashcards

Flashcards in Oral Mucosa in Disease and Dental Caries Deck (31):
1

3 causes of a lump?

Hyperplasia, tumours, infection

2

4 causes of white patches?

Trauma, infection, immune, dysplasia

3

3 causes of red patch?

Vascular, immune, dysplasia

4

What can lack of saliva, salivary gland disease and diabetes cause?

A dry mouth

5

What drug can cause a dry mouth?

Diuretics

6

What do recurrent oral ulceration, oral dysaesthesia, oral candida, angular cheilitis and smooth tongue all suggest?

Iron deficiency

7

Give four underlying reasons for iron deficiency?

GI bleeding
Poor diet
Malignancy
Colorectal carcinoma

8

What is recurrent aphthous stomatitis a cause of?

Anaemia or haematinic deficiency

9

What can Crohns, sarcoidosis and allergies cause that swells the lips and cheeks?

Orofacial granulomatosis

10

What part of the GI tract can Crohns affect?

Any part of Gi tract

11

In Crohns disease what can obstruction of lymphatics cause?

Granuloma

12

In Crohn's disease, what is mucosal oedema described as?

Cobblestoning

13

What are three oral manifestations of direct involvement in Crohns?

1. Oral ulceration - mucosal tags
2. Cobblestone mucosa - swollen lips
3. Angular cheilitis

14

What condition involves dental enamel erosion and mucosal irritation and fibrosis?

GORD

15

What condition has hypersensitivity - villous atrophy?

Coeliac disease

16

What cures coeliac disease?

Gluten free diet

17

What two drugs used in UC could cause oral effects?

1. Sulphasalazine type
2. Sterpods

18

In UC, what do oral lesions resolve with?

Colectomy

19

With diabetes type II, what can be seen in the mouth?

Thrush

20

What disease can show candida, oral ulcerastion, Kaposi's sarcoma, herpes lesions, hairy leukoplakia, warts, severe gingitivits and bone loss?

HIV

21

What can low vitamin A, C and iron be a risk for?

Oral cancer

22

What is HPV 16 & 18 associated with?

Oropharyngeal cancer

23

What are two high risk sites for oral cancer?

1. Soft (non-keratinising) sites - ventraltongue/floor of mouth
2. Lateral tongue

24

What are erythroplakia, erythroileukoplakia, leukoplakia, erosive lichen planus, subm,ucous fibrosis and dyskeratosis congenita?

Potentially maligant lesions

25

What are dysphagia, change in voice, unexplained pain in mouth or neck, numb feeling in lips and face and red/white lesions signs of?

Oral cancer

26

What are the 4 relevant questions to ask about an oral lesion?

How long?
Painful?
Smoke/drink?
Colour?

27

4 causes of ulceration?

RAS, trauma, tumour, infection

28

What is a dynamic process involving the exchange of calcium and phosphate ions between tooth structure and saliva (plaque fluid), in the presence of acids produced by the fermentation of carbohydrates by oral micro-organisms?

Dental caries

29

What are the three factors in caries aetiology?

Tooth
Bacteria
Sugar

30

How are dental caries measured?

DMF index

31

What makes up DMFT?

Decayed - present experience of caries
Missing - past treatment of caries
Filled - past treatment of caries