Dyspepsia and Peptic Ulcer Disease Flashcards Preview

JL Gastrointestinal > Dyspepsia and Peptic Ulcer Disease > Flashcards

Flashcards in Dyspepsia and Peptic Ulcer Disease Deck (19):
1

What are epigastric pain or burning (epigastric pain syndrome), post-prandial fullness (postprandial distress syndrome) and early satiety (postprandial distress syndrome)?

Dyspepsia

2

What are 5 foregut structures?

Oesophagus, stomach, duodenum, pancreas and gallbladder
(oh such difficult positioning games)

3

What are organic causes of dyspepsia?

Peptic ulcer disease
Drugs (NSAIDs, COX2 inhibitors)
Gastric cancer

4

If dyspepsia presentation has alarm symptoms, what should you check for?

H.pylori

5

What criteria are these: presence of one of the following - bothersome postprandial fullness, early satiation, epigastric pain and epigastric burning?

Rome III diagnostic criteria for functional dyspepsia

6

What is the pain like in peptic ulcer disease?

Pain predominant dyspepsia to back, nocturnal, aggravated or relieved by eating

7

What are the two most common causes of peptic ulcer diease?

H. pylori
NSAIDS (COX1, COX2 and PGE)

8

What is a gram negative microaerophilic flagellated bacillus?

H.pylori

9

How is H.pylori transmitted?

Oral-Oral/faecal oral spread

10

When is H.pylori aquired?

In infancy

11

What is found in 95% of duodenal ulcers and 75% of gastric ulcers?

H. pylori

12

What do parietal cells produce?

Hydrochloric acid

13

What are 4 methods for diagnosing H.pylori?

Gastric biopsy
C13UREA BREATH TEST
FAT (faecal antigen test)
Serology (IgA antibodies)

14

What enzyme is present in the stomach if H.pylori is present?

Urease

15

What drug should be given to all PUD patients and what test performed?

PPI
Urea breath test

16

What drugs should be withdrawn in PUD?

NSAIDs

17

What is the triple therapy for eradicating H.pylori?

1. PP1 + amoxicillin + clarithromycin
2. PPI + metronidazole + clarithromycin

18

What are anaemia, bleeding, perforation and gastric outlet/duodenal obstruction complications of?

PUD

19

How should GU patients be followed up?

Endoscopy at 6-8 weeks