Organic Compound Nomenclature Flashcards Preview

Gen Chem 01 > Organic Compound Nomenclature > Flashcards

Flashcards in Organic Compound Nomenclature Deck (22):
1

1 prefix (hydrocarbons)

meth-

2

2 prefix (hydrocarbons)

eth-

3

3 prefix (hydrocarbons)

prop-

4

4 prefix (hydrocarbons)

but-

5

5 prefix (hydrocarbons)

pent-

6

6 prefix (hydrocarbons)

hex-

7

7 prefix (hydrocarbons)

hept-

8

8 prefix (hydrocarbons)

oct-

9

9 prefix (hydrocarbons)

non-

10

10 prefix (hydrocarbons)

dec-

11

only single bonds suffix (hydrocarbons)

-ane

12

double bonds suffix (hydrocarbons)

-ene

13

triple bonds suffix (hydrocarbons)

-yne

14

Methane

CH4

Meth- = 4 C
-ane = single bonds only

15

Propane

C3H8

Pro- = 3 C
-ane = single bonds only

16

n-Butane

n = normal (straight chain)

C4H10

But- = 4 C
-ane = single bonds only

17

n-Pentane

n = normal (straight chain)

C5H12

Pent- = 5 C
-ane = single bonds only

18

Ethene

C2H4

Eth- = 2 C
-ene = double bonds

19

Ethyne

C2H2

Eth- = 2 C
-yne = triple bonds

20

(Functionalized hydrocarbons)
Functional groups

Characteristic atoms or groups of atoms in an organic compound

21

Family (of functionalized hydrocarbons)

Group of organic compounds with the same functional group

22

Alcohols

Ending: -ol
General formula: R-OH