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Flashcards in Origins of American Government Deck (12)
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1

What were the main concepts behind John Locke's writings?

-Government is based on a social contract between people and ruler(s)
-All men are born with natural rights. (Life, Liberty, and property)
-When the government stops protecting these rights, it can be abolished

2

What were the main concepts behind Jean Jacques Rousseau's writings?

-Rousseau came up with the idea of "separation of powers". Government power should be divided
-good governements are formed by the people
-Government should be guided by the "general will" of society, direct democracy

3

Why is the Mayflower Compact considered a social contract?

-The agreement was made to follow the rules in the document in order to assure survival
-Pledged alliance to the King of England

4

What was the purpose behind the Declaration of Independence?

-It gave complete independence from England
-Stated "repeated injuries and usurpations" against the colonies by King George III
-Stated the existence of a new nation

5

What was the first written plan of government for the United States?

The Articles of Confederation

6

How was the first written plan for the government described?

-Composed of a unicameral congress
-Granted very little powers, only legislative powers, created "firm league of friendship" among the States

7

How was the first written plan for the government organized?

States wrote their own constitutions to replace royalty

8

Why did the delegates meet at a convention in May 1787?

They decided they needed to amend the Articles of Confederation (idk???)

9

Why did the new constitution not go into effect right away?

Because it had to be ratified by the states

10

Why did the Anti-Federalists oppose the new Constitution?

-Huge increase in power of the central government
-Lack of Bill of rights
-God was not mentioned
-Did not allow states to print money
-They didnt like the ratification process (all or nothing)

11

Why did the Federalist support the new Constitution?

They said that we needed a new, strong, Central government, and the Constitution was the answer
-They stressed the weaknesses of the Articles

12

Why did the states agree to ratify the Constitution?

-Partly because of the Federalist Papers
-These were essays written to answer anti-federalist attacks to the new Constitution and appeared in newspapers, pamphlets
-A bill of rights was written
(idk???)