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Flashcards in Principles of Government Deck (18)
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1

What is government?

-The institution through which society makes and enforces its public policies
-Includes people who use their powers and those who have control over people

2

What is civics?

-The study of citizenship and government
-Educates about obligations and rights within a government

3

What are public policies?

Everything the government does

4

What is a constitution?

Body of fundamental laws setting out the principles, structures and processes of a government
-Outlines the powers of a government
-Written government plan

5

What are the 4 ways government acquire power?

-Force Theory
-Evolutionary Theory
-Divine Right Theory
-Social Contract Theory

6

What are the four purposed of government?

-Keeping Order
-Providing security
-Providing public services
-Guide the community

7

What are the three basic kinds of government power?

-Legislative
-Judicial
-Executive

8

Describe the "Force Theory"

-Claiming control over an area of land and everyone living there is forced to submit to their rule

9

Describe the "Evolutionary Theory"

-Says that The State developed naturally and that primitive families developed into tribes with a leader.
-Also says that The State began when agriculture began

10

Describe the "Divine Right Theory"

-God created the territory and God gave those of royal birth the right to rule.
-Have to obey the ruler as you would God

11

Describe the "Social Contract Theory"

-People voluntary agree with one another to create government. It should serve the will of the people.
-If the government abuses its power, the people may abolish it

12

How does a government Keep Order?

It passes and enforces laws and establishes and maintains a court system

13

How does a government Provide Security?

Prevents and fights crime and protects citizens from foreign attacks

14

How does a government Provide Public Services?

It sets up libraries, schools, hospitals, and provides public safety (fire department, Ambulance service)

15

How does a government guide the community?

-Managing the economy and conducting foreign relations

16

Describe legislative powers

The power to make laws and shape public policy

17

Describe Executive powers

Power to execute and enforce laws as well as to administer them

18

Describe judicial powers

Power to interpret laws and settle disputes about the laws