Ortho Tut #1 Flashcards Preview

Jason's MD2 Surgery Rotation > Ortho Tut #1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ortho Tut #1 Deck (10):
1

what is damage control orthopaedics

contains and stabilises ortho injuries to allow physiology to heal

2

Common ED ortho emergencies?

VON CHOP
Vascular compromise
Open fractures
neurologic compromise/cauda equina
compartment syndrome
hip dislocation (fracture in young person)
Osteomyelitis
unstable pelvic of long bone #s

3

what to describe in #s

location
what part of bone
open v closed
complete/incomplete
# pattern
displacement, angulation/translation/rotation
dislocation
soft tissues and neurological status

4

what is gustillo anderson classification?

for open fractures and infection risk

5

gustillo-anderson needs two meds

tetanus
Abx -
grade 1 - cephazolin
grade 2 - add gentamicin
if dirty: add a penicillin

6

what to look for in fracture re: imaging?

2 views
joints up and joint below

7

when would you not want to internally fixate?

if really dirty open wound

8

early complications of #s

bleeding
infection
compartment syndrome
fat embolism
wound
neurovascular

9

reasons for non-union or malunion?

infection?
diabetes, smoking?
on steroids?

10

What is the golden hour?

first hour after trauma
high salvage rate

Decks in Jason's MD2 Surgery Rotation Class (62):