OTA 100 - Ch. 11 Across Lifespan Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in OTA 100 - Ch. 11 Across Lifespan Deck (19)
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1

Define Lifespan Stages

1. Infancy: birth to 1 year
2. Childhood: Early (1-6 years); Later (6-12 years)
3. Adolescence: 12-20 years
4. Young and Middle Adulthood: 20-65 years
5. Later Adulthood: Over 65 years

2

Cerebral Palsy

Motor abnormalities in children caused by insult to brain near birth; do not reach milestones for age; disorder does not progress, but seems to get worse with age as more is expected of person.

3

Developmental Delays

Slower acquisition of skills over first several years of life.

4

Developmental Frame of Reference

Used to evaluate infants. Theory that practice in a skill set will enhance brain development and help child progress through stages. OT determines current level of skill development; examines underlying client factors that may influence; intervention to improve hindering factors.

5

Family-centered Care

Used when working with infants/children. Collaborating closely with family as the goal-setters. Works best when family respect/listen to each other.

6

Learned Helplessness

When older adults feel/act helpless and relinquish control over things that previously held value. When others do everything for them; they are not making any decisions or engaging in activities.

7

Least Restrictive Environment

Classroom closest to a regular classroom in which student can be successful.

8

Reflexes

Motor responses to sensory stimuli (infants have special, primitive ones like sucking).

9

Pediatrics – Define and Common Issues

Pediatrics = Birth to end of high school. (Sometimes work with pregnant mothers.)

Common issues:
• Sensory processing disorders
• Low muscle tone, decreased muscle strength
• Fear of movement
• Decreased attention span, hyperactivity
• Difficulty with motor planning, balance, gross motor delays, fine motor delays
• Immature play skills, overreacting
• Improper pencil grip/poor handwriting
• Impaired bilateral or hand-eye coordination
• Difficulty with self care, ADLs

10

Landmarks of Infancy:

• Rapid growth in motor, social, cognitive skills
• Gross/fine motor develop via reach, grasp, roll, sit, crawl and walk
• Primitive reflexes
• Social-expressing emotions
• ADLs – recognition of food sources, bathtime, allowing dressing
• Cognitive – awareness of objects, faces, voices

11

Landmarks of Childhood:

• Growth and refining skills
• Play is main occupation
• Play goes from solitary to parallel, moves toward end goal, rules start, cooperative play
• Imaginative play from 3-5 years
• Move into occupation of education – rules, routines, reading, writing, socializing, cog. skills

12

Landmarks of Adolescence:

• Striving toward independence, peer group pressure
• Games with rules, group standards instead of adult standards, leisure and social activities
• Focus moves outside of family
• Confusion in relationship with adults
• Sexual identity developing
• Growth changes, postural changes, awkward motor movement

13

Landmarks of Young/Middle Adulthood:

• Time of achievement
• Employment decisions
• Group affiliations
• Guiding next generation; child rearing
• Completing education
• Relationships
• Home management

14

Landmarks of Late Adulthood:

• Reflection/evaluation of one’s life
• Physical changes – sensory/health issues
• Adjustment to/acceptance of impending death
• What I’m leaving behind
• Decreased workload – increased time on hands
• Loss of peers

15

Intervention for Infancy:

• Muscle tone
• Coordination
• Symmetrical movements
• Posture
• Play (motor skill development), sensory regulation, splinting, positioning, cardiac rehab., feeding, behavior reg., parent training
• Family centered

16

Intervention for Childhood:

• Play development (Motor, cognitive, social, psychological, language skills)
• Least restrictive environment – closest to a regular classroom, yet encouraging success

17

Intervention for Adolescence:

• Firm yet fair limits
• Emotional expression
• Learn to trust
• Give control where possible
• Group interaction
• Self care
• Work preparation activities
• Leisure exploration

18

Intervention for Young/Mid Adults:

• Help re-engage in meaningful occupation
• Help be successful in roles and consider context
• Ergonomics
• Rehab from illness/injury

19

Intervention for Later Adults:

• Safety
• Home evaluation
• Driving
• Rehab for illness/injury
• Depression
• Learned helplessness – person relinquished control to others due to level of help offered; no longer making decisions