OTA 100 - Ch. 5 Global Perspective Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in OTA 100 - Ch. 5 Global Perspective Deck (12)
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1

Context

Setting in which occupation occurs; includes cultural, physical, social, personal, spiritual, temporal and virtual conditions within and surrounding the client that influence performance.

2

Cultural competence

One's ability to be sensitive to other cultures. Requires practitioner to understand the history and cultural practices of different cultures. Consider ethnicity, access to tech, cultural practices, and language spoken.

3

Cultural sensitivity

Ability to understand the needs and emotions of one's own culture and the cultures of others. Three components to developing cultural sensitivity:
1) Cognitive
2) Behavioral
3) Organizational

4

Culturally responsive care

Being aware and knowledgable of cultures; applying cultural skills to practice. Categorized into 5 constructs:
1) Building cultural awareness
2) Generating cultural knowledge
3) Applying cultural skills
4) Engaging in culturally diverse situations
5) Exploring multiculturalism

5

Interprofessional education (IPE)

Approach to learning that involves a group of students from multiple professions interacting and providing insight into complex issues.

6

Occupational justice

Belief that all persons (regardless of ability, age, gender, class, econ status) are entitled to have access to participation in everyday occupations. OTs are often in position to advocate for access or equal opportunities for all.

7

Polytrauma

Multiple injuries which can be life-threatening (such as with victims of war). Initial intervention is based on medical management, and require intensive, long-term OT services.

8

Education levels for OT professionals

• OTA - Associate degree level
• OTA - Bachelor degree level
• OT - Master degree level
• OT - Clinical doctorate level

9

Licensing/Certification Process for OTA

• After completion of fieldwork II, associates degree and application to NBCOT (Natl Board for Certification in OT) for testing, you sit for national exam.
• After associate degree, NBCOT passing score, and application for state lic., you receive license in the mail.
• May NOT practice in a state that requires licensure if you have not passed exam/received license as OTA!

10

NBCOT

National Board for Certification in Occupational Therapy. Provides the test to qualify for licensure in OT.

11

Negative Assumptions/Prejudices

Everyone has them; must be aware of this and try not to rely on them when serving patients.

12

Methods to communicate with someone who doesn’t speak English well

• Encourage them to describe issue and their beliefs about health and illness
• Ask if they’d like an interpreter
• Ask questions such as duration of issue?, what makes it better/worse?
• Family member as interpreter is NOT the best way