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Flashcards in Other Deck (19)
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1

Hamartiology

Theology of Sin

2

Atonement of Sin

- Sacrifices
- Pharisees: Good works
- Maccabe: martyrdom of the faithful
=> Orthodox: require martyrdom, fought in battles
- Giving gifts: alms, leveling playing field

3

Menelaus

Changing rules, changing society (capital offense)

4

Social Classes

1) Aristocrates
Small group
land/business owners
Politicians
Only the men can vote

2) Commoners
served/worked for society
Did not own land

Middle Class had slaves (2 types)
1) Servant: go and hire himself out
2) Slaves: owned by masters
The largest group

Most despised groups of
Jews: tax collectors

Most common jobs
Teachers
Accountants (exchange money)
Doctors (medicinal)
Philosophers
Executors (beheaded or crucified)

5

The Church

1) We are the light to a dark world
2) Significance to the insignificance
3) We experience mercy
4) Chosen people => chosen for a purpose
5) We are a royal priesthood
Help others access God
6) Holy Nation: set apart to god
God-honoring behavior
7) Value of something lies in who owns it
We are the community which theology is

6

Redemption Story
During the Intertestamental Period

1) Let Persians return to the land
2) Greek brought a common language
3) Romans: no more war/ brought peace
4) God enters, no distractions

7

How God communicated

- Scripture
- Moses/lan (oral revelation)
- Special revelation (creation)

8

Prayer vs. Devotion

- Prayer
More legalistic
Quietly, specific

- Devotion
Giving of resources (i.e. time)
Prayer
Participating in life of ministry

9

Law

- How we behave with one another
- What we’re allowed to do in our faith
- Love: God, Others, Yourself
- Love God--Love me as God loves me--Love others as I love myself
- “Behavior”
- Praxis = actions based on theology
- “Law Code” that’s non-negotiable
- Mosaic Law and what rabbi’s taught
=> Practical: what rabbis taught, dietary, Sabbath
=> Theoretical: philosophical, Mosaic

10

Family

- Everyone is family (not extended vs nuclear as in the US)
- Units: Greeks and Romans slow birth rate (1-2 children)
- Arabs more children: larger families in rural/smaller
- Families in city: not enough jobs
=> 1st child
~ Boy: blessed family
By the 8th day, boy was circumcised and named
~ Girl: time of mourning before naming
- Names given by
=> Politically: known by father’s name/ career/ religious convictions
- Death of a loved one
=> Died before noon: buried that day
=> Died after noon: buried next day

11

Pseudepigrapha

false writings

12

Heretic

- wrong idea/ thinking
- Deliberate denial of revealed truth coupled with the acceptance of error

13

“Jesus Fish”

- How Christians communicated
- Helped them see if someone was a spy or not and if they should feel safe to share faith with

14

Three groups developed during the Maccabean Revolt

- Essenes
Moved out of Jerusalem into the mountains, gypsy life, prophetic writings

- Pharisees
Into Old Testament Law, keepers of the law, Pentateuch

- Sadducees
Aristocratic, temple party, seen in places to be “seen” rather than to worship

15

Disphora

any Jew Living outside of Palestine

16

Senatorial

- areas away from Rome
- made up of procounsels and procurators

17

Imperial

- Rome
- proraetors
- collector of taxes

18

Procounsels

- leaders assigned by Roman senate to different territories

19

Procurators

- assigned by Roman empire to watch the procouncels to make sure they do right by the emperor