Outcome 6 (Anatomy And Physiology Of The Human Body) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Outcome 6 (Anatomy And Physiology Of The Human Body) Deck (46)
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1. What are the two main parts of the skeleton and how many bones do they contain?

Axial skeleton (80)
Appendicular skeleton (126)

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2. What are the categories of bone the axial skeleton contains, and how many of each are there?

Cranial (8)
Facial (14)
Auditory ossicles of the ear (6)
Hyoid bone, to which the tongue is attached (1)
12 pairs of ribs (24)
Sternum (1)
Vertebral column (26)

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3. What are the categories of bone the Appendicular skeleton contains, and how many of each are there?

Two pectoral or shoulder girdles (4)
Pelvic or hip girdles (2)
Upper extremities (hands, fingers and arms) (60)
Lower extremities (legs, feet and toes) (60)

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4. What is the cranium and in which part of the skeleton would we find it?

Skull, axial

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5. In which part of the skeleton would we find the ribs?

Axial

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6. What is the sternum and in which part of the skeleton would we find it?

Breast bone, axial

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7. What is the coccyx and in which part of the skeleton would we find it?

Bottom of the spine, axial

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8. What are the vertebrae and in which part of the skeleton would we find them?

Spinal cord/column, axial

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9. What is the clavicle and in which part of the skeleton would we find it?

Collar bone, appendicular

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10. What is the scapula and in which part of the skeleton would we find it?

Shoulder blade, appendicular

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11. What is the pelvic girdle and in which part of the skeleton would we find it?

Contains hip bones, appendicular

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12. What is the humerus and in which part of the skeleton would we find it?

Top bone of the arm, appendicular

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13. What is the ulna and radius and in which part of the skeleton would we find it?

Lower bone of the arm, appendicular

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14. What are the carpals and in which part of the skeleton would we find them?

Wrist/ hand bones, appendicular

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15. What are the metacarpals and in which part of the skeleton would we find them?

Hand bones, appendicular

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16. What are the phalanges and in which part of the skeleton would we find them?

Fingers and toes, appendicular

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17. What is the femur and in which part of the skeleton would we find it?

Upper thigh bone, Appendicular

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18. What is the patella and in which part of the skeleton would we find it?

Kneecap, appendicular

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19. What is the tibia and in which part of the skeleton would we find it?

Shin bone, appendicular

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20. What is the fibula and in which part of the skeleton would we find it?

Thinner lower leg bone, Appendicular

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21. What are the tarsals and in which part of the skeleton would we find them?

Ankle bones, appendicular

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22. What are the metatarsals and in which part of the skeleton would we find them?

Feet bones, appendicular

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23. What is anatomy?

The study of the structure of the body and its relationship to other structures

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24. What is Physiology?

The study of the functions of the body and how they work

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25. What are the 5 structural levels that make up the human body?

Cells > tissues > organs > systems > organismic (living individual)

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26. What are the 11 principle Systems of the body?

Skin, skeletal, muscular, endocrine, cardiovascular, nervous, lymphatic, respiratory, digestive, urinary, reproductive

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27. Function of skin

Protective outer cover of body

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28. Function of endocrine system

Hormones transported by the blood

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29. Function of skeleton

Supports and protects the body, aids movement

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30. Function of muscles

Bring about movement and maintain posture