Overview of Aging Flashcards Preview

Semester 3 FS Exam 4 > Overview of Aging > Flashcards

Flashcards in Overview of Aging Deck (50):
1

Geriatrics

The branch of medicine concerned with the medical problems and care of the aged

2

Geras

Old age

3

Iatrikos

Healing

4

Gerontology

The scientific study of the biological, psychological and social aspects of aging

5

Current percent of pop above 65 years

14.5%

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Projected 2050 percent of pop above 65 years

21%

7

Functional classification of age groups - Young Adult

20-39
1st half of working life
90-100% function

8

Functional classification of age groups - Middle Age

40-64
2nd half of working life
10-30% dec function

9

Functional classification of age groups - Old Age

65-74
Immediate post retirement period
Significant loss of function but maintain homeostasis

10

Functional classification of age groups - Very Old Age

75-84
Likely impairment of function for ADLs
General potential for relative independence

11

Functional classification of age groups - Oldest Old Age

85+
High incidence of need for help with ADLs
High risk for nursing or institutional care assistance

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Key demographics - Population over 65 current is 1 in __ 2030?

Current = 1 in 8
2030 = 1 in 5

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Key demographics - marital status

Women outlive men at all ages
75% of men live with spouse
40% women

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Key demographics - poverty

9% of elderly in poverty
8% live within 125% poverty level
1 in 5 are at or near poverty
Women = 2X rate of men

15

Health Care - what percent of non institutionalized individuals over 65 years rate health as good to excellent

40%

16

Health Care - how many have chronic condition

More than 1/2

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Health Care - what percentage over 65 have some kind of disability

37%

18

Health Care - Visits to physician per year

6.8 over 65
3.8 under 65

19

in 2014 how many over 65 required long term care

9 million

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Annual cost of private room in SNF is

73,000

21

Ageist attitudes of healthcare professionals

Neg attitudes toward older adults
Need to justify why medical needs were not addressed
Feelings of frustration about demands
Feelings of helplessness from lack of cure
Inc awareness of ones own mortality

22

Social roles

Retirement - daily recognition to limited recognition
Caregiver
Grandparents raising grandchildren
All with fixed income

23

Those with adequate social connections have what percentage greater likelihood of longevity

50%

24

Cultural perspectives - Vietnamese

elder is authority

25

Cultural perspectives - Athabascan Indian Culture in Alaksa

Elder is burden

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Cultural perspectives - US

Individualism

27

Cultural perspectives - Hispanic

Close family relationship

28

Social Relationships

Desire and engage in social relationships
Computers and social media

29

Aging couple - by 85 yo ___ women for every ___ men

100 women for every 54 men

30

Aging parent

Continue to provide emotional, physical and financial support
Finger pointing may occur
Adults(children) in sandwich role
Grandparents welcome interaction

31

Advocacy groups

AARP
Gray Panthers - fighting ageism
Senior Service America

32

Health promotion and disease prevention

Healthy people 2020

33

Healthy people 2020 goals

Attain high equality, longer lives free of dx
Achieve health equity
Create social environment that promote good health
Promote quality of life

34

Exercise

Use it or lose it
Maintain fitness, stimulate mind, establish social contact...
Exercise should emphasize strength, flexibility, and endurance

35

Stress Management

Exercise
Diet
Mm relaxation
Mediation
Deep breathing
Visualization desensitization
Biofeedback

36

Substance Abuse

Alcohol, recreational drugs and medication absorbed at higher levels - lean body mass, polypharmacy

37

Economics

Changes in financial status or financial aid security

38

Life span

Length of life (birth to death)

39

Longevity

Number of years of life

40

Mean longevity USA

Life expectancy
76 yrs
ideal is 85 yrs
95% die between 77-93

41

Max longevity

Max life span
110-120 yrs

42

Intrinsic Factors

Primary determinants of possible life span + life expectancy
Genetic code
Heredity

43

Extrinsic Factors

Factors that modify the genetically endowed life span
Non-genetic factors
Environmental influences
Social, psychological, environmental factors

44

Causes of death

Trauma or Accidents
Disease
Eugeric Death

45

Trauma or Accidents - Cause of Death

Major cause in young
Numbers influenced by values of society

46

Disease - Cause of Death

Older body less tolerant
Numbers influenced by knowledge and technology
Pathogeria = disease of the old

47

Eugeric Death - Cause of Death

Death due to no specific pathology
Not caused by trauma, accident, or disease
Inability to maintain homeostasis

48

Chronic Dx leading to death

23% of deaths from chronic disease are from sedentary lifestyles
OA, CAD, COPD, Stroke, PVD, Depression, Parkinsons, RA

49

Universal Manifestations of Aging - Anatomical Changes

Thinning and graying of hair
Deterioration of teeth
Body weight loss and redistribution
Loss of nerve cells
Loss of mm mass
Inc cellular inclusion of aging pigments

50

Universal Manifestations of Aging - Physiological Changes

Decline in motor activity
Reproductive senescence
Impaired homeostasis