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Carpentry & Construction Technology > Painting > Flashcards

Flashcards in Painting Deck (102):
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1. What does sheen mean?

It is a measure of how much light a paint reflects.

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2. What produce white and brighter paint?

Higher percentage of TiO2 (titanium dioxide).

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3. What is added to control the gloss in paint?

Kaolin (clay).

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4. What is VOC?

Volatile organic chemicals.

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5. What does make paint finish the harder and more durable?

higher percentage of acrylic resin.

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6. Use of primers?

1. Latex - in most situation, over oil. 2. Alkyd - a difficult or chalky wall. 3. Stain-blocking primers: latex, alkyd, shellac (most effectiv).

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7. 5 different sheens?

1. Flat. 2. Eggshells. 3. Satin. 4. Semigloss. 5. Gloss.

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8. Use of flat paint?

Poor finish, not washable areas,

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9. Use of eggshell paint?

Good for walls.

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10. Use of satin paint?

Kitchen, bathroom, hallways, kid room, woodwork, trim.

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11. Use of semigloss paint?

Woodwork, trim, cabinets, door, kitchen, bath.

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12. Use of gloss paint?

Utility rooms, play room walls, trim that gets a lot of abuse.

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13. What is saturation of color?

The purity of color: hue is synomic with color, tint is lighter and shade is darker.

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14. What is color value?

A lightness or darkness of a color.

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15. What are shades?

Mixture of hue (pure color) with black.

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16. What are tints?

Mixture of hue (pure color) with white.

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17. What are primary colors?

Red, blue, yellow.

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18. What are secondary colors?

Colors fall midway betwen two primary colors (orange, violate, green).

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19. What are tertiary colors?

Combination of primary and secondary colors (red-orange, red-violet, yellow-orange).

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20. What are complimentary colors?

colors directly opposite each other on the color wheel (yellow - violet, red - green, blue - orange).

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21. What are monochromic colors?

Shades and tints of a single color.

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22. What are analogous colors?

Two colors adjacent to each other on the color wheel. One color dominates.

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23. What are complimentary colors?

Two colors opposite each other on the color wheel.

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24. What are triadic colors?

Three colors equidistant rom each other on the color wheel.

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25. What are analogous colors with complementary accents?

Two adjacent colors combined with a third that is opposite either to of the first two.

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26. Use of bristle brushes?

1. Natural - solvent base finishes. 2. Synthetic - water base finishes.

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27. Use of gloves?

1. Cotton - when using sharp or abrasive tools. 2. Latex - when working with paint. 3. Neoprene - when handling solvents, strippers, or other hard chemicals.

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28. Use of eyes protection?

1. Safety glasses - when working with tools. 2. Gagles - protect against dust and aerosol droplets when sanding, spraying or painting over head.

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29. Wall paper remover mixture?

One cap of white vinegar per gallon of water.

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30. How to remove the wall paper?

1. Perforate the wall paper with special tool. 2.Apply wall paper remover. 3. Wait 10 to 20 minutes to soak. 4.Peel so much wallpaper as you can by hand. 5. Spray the 2nd application of remover. 6. Let it soak. 7. Peel of the remaining wallpaper with 3" plastic scraper and plastic scruber (the curly kind).

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31. Sequence of painting?

1. Stain and varnish new trim to protect the bare wood. 2. Prime and paint ceiling. 3. Proceed to the walls. 4. Conclude with trim that need repainting.

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32. How shall cut in right?

1. Rolling as close as can to the masked trim. 2. cut in only what is left.

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33. How shall you roll paint?

1. Work toward the bottom a series of W-shape strokes. 2. Move along the wall in 3-5 feet sections, catting in and rolling. 3. Overlap areas of wet paint.

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34. Door painting order?

1. All edges. 2. Panel bevels and flats. 3. Rails. 4. Stile middles. 5. Stiles.

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35. Chastyny dwernogo polotna?

1. Ploski wstawky - plates. 2. Poperechky - rails. 3. Wertykalqni planky - stiles.

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36. Brush for most trim paint jobs?

1 1/2 - 2 inch a square-edged trim brush.

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37. General advantages and limitations of acrylic or siliconized acrylic caulk?

Advantages: 1. Good for most exteriors. 2. Fully paintable. 3. Easy to use. Limitations: Buy the kinds that lasts longest.

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38. General advantages and limitations of butyl rubber caulk?

Advantages: Not recommended for exteriors painting. Limitations: 1. Shrinks, cracks, breaks. 2. cleans up with solvent. 3. Hard to use.

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39. General advantages and limitations of elastomeric caulk?

Advantages: 1. Flexible. 2. Fully paintable. 3. Cleans up with water. 4. Bridges gaps to 1/2-inch wide. Limitations: Buy the kind that lasts longest.

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40. General advantages and limitations of latex caulk?

Advantages: Inexpensive. Limitations: 1. Hardens and cracks. 2. Not recommended for exteriors.

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41. General advantages and limitations of polyurethane caulk?

Advantages: 1. Paintable. 2. Extremely flexible. 3. Adheres to almost any surface. Limitations: 1. Hard to apply nearly. 2. Cleans up with mineral spirits. 3. More expensive.

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42. General advantages and limitations of silicone caulk?

Advantages: 1. Adheres best. 2. Last longest. Limitations: 1. Not paintable. 2. Hard to correct mistakes.

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43. What remove 90% of all clear finishes?

An off-the-take liquid.

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44. Types of wall paper?

1. Cottage. 2. Contemporary.

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45. What is cottage wall paper?

With tiny flowers or checks.

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46. What is contemporary wall paper?

A textured paper or a stylized geometric.

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47. A garment or fabric with a pattern of small squares, (klitchata tkanyna)?

Check, (chEk).

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48. A tall, fast-growing tree of the willow family, widely grown in shelter belts and for timber and pulp, (topolja)?

Poplar, ("pApler).

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49. 3 stages of wall surface repair?

1. Patch with drywall or plaster-patching compound. 2. Use joint compound. 3. Finish with light weight spackling compound.

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53. How many square feet cover double roll of wall paper?

50 sq. ft. by formula.

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54. What is double roll?

Bolt is twice as long as single roll. American rolls are 27 inches wide, and each double roll covers 56 square feet of wall.

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55. What is random match?

If the pattern automatically aligns when you put one strip of paper next to the other, it is random-match paper.

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56. What is straight match wall paper?

The pattern is horizontally match with the same design element at the ceiling in every roll.

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57. What is drop-match wall paper?

The pattern runs diagonally and meets the right edge of the strip at a point lower than on the left edge.

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58. What is peelable wall paper?

This paper is easy to remove. When you pull off peelable wall paper, however some of the backing remains on the wall. This part can usually be removed fairly easily with water.

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59. What is repeat of wall paper?

This is the amount of diagonal drop, or the distance between identical points of the pattern. The pattern repeat is listen in wall paper book and printed on the back of the paper.

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60. What is strippable wall paper?

Lifting a corner and pulling it will remove the entire strip of paper, including its backing.

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61. What is vinyl wall pater?

Vinyl refers to solid vinyl, possibly printed with a pattern and always backed by paper or fabric. Its durable and scrubable but fairly expansive, for that reason it's generally used in commercial settings.

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62. What is vinyl-coated wall paper?

paper is coated with vinyl to make it more durable. There are two kinds: washable and scrubbable.

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63. Large canvas or paper, plastic sheet that protects surfaces or objects during work sessions?

Drop cloth.

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64. Holds joint compound or plaster on a metal platform with a spindle handle while applying it to surface.

Drywall hawk.

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65. A flat bladed knife for applying joint compound when installing drywall?

Drywall joint knife.

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66. Finely-meshed plastic screen attached to an exterior pole, allowing finish sanding of drywall joint compound?

Dry wall sander.

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63. Large canvas or paper, plastic sheet that protects surfaces or objects during work sessions?

Drop cloth.

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64. Holds joint compound or plaster on a metal platform with a spindle handle while applying it to surface.

Drywall hawk.

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65. A flat bladed knife for applying joint compound when installing drywall?

Drywall joint knife.

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66. Finely-meshed plastic screen attached to an exterior pole, allowing finish sanding of drywall joint compound?

Dry wall sander.

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67. A bit with a stop for when you want to set screws the proper depth in drywall without damaging surface?

Drywall screw bit with depth gauge.

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68. A flat-bladed flexible knife used when finishing and smoothing joint compound on drywall?

Drywall taping knife.

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69. A canister-style respirator with replaceable cartridges that filter particulate matter or solvent vapors?

Dual cartridge respirator.

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70. A telescoping rod with a threaded end designed to accept paint rollers or brushes, for ceilings and other hard-to-reach places?

Extension pole.

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67. A bit with a stop for when you want to set screws the proper depth in drywall without damaging surface?

Drywall screw bit with depth gauge.

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68. A flat-bladed flexible knife used when finishing and smoothing joint compound on drywall?

Drywall taping knife.

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69. A canister-style respirator with replaceable cartridges that filter particulate matter or solvent vapors?

Dual cartridge respirator.

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70. A hand tool with replaceable blades for removing paint from windows after painting trim?

Glass scraper.

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79. Hand protection for those allergic to latex?

Nitrile gloves.

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80. Tool used for general cleaning when abrasive materials such as steel wool would damage surface?

Nonabrasive scouring pad.

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81. Tool that removes dried or (caked) paint from the bristles of paint brushes?

Paintbrush comb.

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82. An inexpensive specialty tool designed to open paint cans without damaging the lid?

?Can opener?

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83. Tool that attaches to the lip of a standard paint can to limit spills while pouring paint?

Paint can pouring spout.

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84. A wool or synthetic glove for applying paint to irregular surfaces such as fences, grillwork, and gates?

Paint mitt.

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85. Tool that allows clean and even loading of paint onto the roller when using a five-gallon bucket?

Paint roller grid.

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86. A foam roller for applying smooth, brush-mark-free paint to surfaces such as trim and doors?

Paint roller (hot dog).

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87. Tool that eases removal of old paint from surfaces in preparation for new application s?

Paint scraper.

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88. Tools that applies masking tape to masking film or paper for masking surfaces such as baseboards in continuous application?

Painter's masking dispenser.

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79. Hand protection for those allergic to latex?

Nitrile gloves.

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80. Tool used for general cleaning when abrasive materials such as steel wool would damage surface?

Nonabrasive scouring pad.

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81. Tool that removes dried or (caked) paint from the bristles of paint brushes?

Paintbrush comb.

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82. An inexpensive specialty tool designed to open paint cans without damaging the lid?

Paint can opener.

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83. Tool that attaches to the lip of a standard paint can to limit spills while pouring paint?

Paint can pouring spout.

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84. A wool or synthetic glove for applying paint to irregular surfaces such as fences, grillwork, and gates?

Paint mitt.

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85. Tool that allows clean and even loading of paint onto the roller when using a five-gallon bucket?

Paint roller grid.

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86. A foam roller for applying smooth, brush-mark-free paint to surfaces such as trim and doors?

Paint roller (hot dog).

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87. Tool that eases removal of old paint from surfaces in preparation for new application s?

Paint scraper.

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88. Tools that applies masking tape to masking film or paper for masking surfaces such as baseboards in continuous application?

Painter's masking dispenser.

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89. A synthetic sponge with course and fine surfaces used with water to smooth and finish drywall?

Sanding sponge.

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90. A foam roller designed to apply paint to acoustical ceilings without damaging the surface?

Split foam roller.

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91. Tool that scores wallpaper to ease removal?

Wallpaper scoring tool.

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92. The interchangeable blade removes wall paper without damaging the wall surface?

Wall paper stripper.

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89. A synthetic sponge with course and fine surfaces used with water to smooth and finish drywall?

Sanding sponge.

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90. A foam roller designed to apply paint to acoustical ceilings without damaging the surface?

Split foam roller.

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89. A synthetic sponge with course and fine surfaces used with water to smooth and finish drywall?

Sanding sponge.