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Flashcards in Tools Deck (97)
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1

Round File

2

Long Nose Pliers

3

The downdraft sanding table can be best defined as a soft surfaced, perforated table for finish sanding with vacuum suction below to minimize airborne dust. The dust collects in a drawer at the bottom of the machine and must be emptied periodically. The table has a pneumatic purging system that forces a blast of air to clear the vacuum filter from acrrued sawdust build-up.

This table should only be used for sanding individual parts or moderately sized pre-assembled units like doors or small three dimensional projects. This downdraft table is not to be used for supporting larger projects like cabinets when finish sanding because the table's special non-slip rubber coating will tear if the cabinet is dropped or dragged across its surface. This sanding table is never to be used as a bench at any time. Glue adheres to its coated surface and renders it unfit for sanding finished parts.

4

The disc sander is designed to sand end grain on straight, narrow stock, and convex curved edges for most size radii. The arrow on the sanding disc in the Illustration above shoes that ours turns in a counter-clockwise direction. This is the first fearure an operator must pay attention to when using an unfamiliar disc sander for the first time. They don't all rotate in the same direction. The direction of rotation is important on disc sanders because it determines which side of the sanding wheel the work piece must be placed on for sanding. The size of the sander is predicated on the diameter of the sanding wheel; ours is a 20" disc sander.

5

Coping Saw

6

Plumb Bob

7

Gouge

8

The pocket hole machine has steadily gained popularity over the last several years and become a quick and efficient alternative to milling joinery for webbed frame and face frame construction. Its unique method of routing a lateral pocket and boring a hole all in one quick cycle for the preperation of frame assemblies, has increased production for the cabinet and furniture making industried substantially. Rather than drilling dowel holes in both stile and rail counterparts, just the rail gets drilled in pocket hole construction and screws can immediately join the two together. Pocket hole technology can also be applied to join drawer-box components as the screws are easily hidden when the applied drawer front is attached at a later time.

9

Center Punch

10

Router Collet

11

Slip Joint Pliers

12

Rabbet Plane

13

Spade Bit

14

Line Level 

15

Dove Tail Saw

16

Router Wrench

17

Vix Bit

18

Nail Set

19

Hole Saw Bit

20

The mini press is a multi-functional machine that is designed entirely with the 32mm European cabinet system in mind. It bores 3 holes simultaneously for a single hing, (2-10mm & 1-35mm) and pressed it into a cabinet door all in a matter of seconds. The mini press also has an interchangeable spindle head for "line-boring" that will bore seven 5mm holes in one quick process.

Typically European-style cabinets, referred to as "32mm cabinets," have evolved from the tradtional style of cabinetmaking. They have adopted a very rigid  construction "system" having a series of specifications that were designed to expedite the construction prcoess and accomodate strategically-designed hardware.

Basically, the system is as follows: 32mm cabinets are modular constructed boxes; they have a single loose base to accomadate an entire run of cabinets; they have no face frame; their exposed edges get banded and their exposed ends get laminated if necessary; there is no joinery to speak of to accomodate assembly other than grooving for a 1/4" back; and finally, four rows of 5mm "system" holes are drilled 32mm apart with a 37mm set back from the cabinet's front edge. The specificity of these "line-bored" holes allows for easy installation of door hinges, drawer slides, drawer slide spacers, shelf pins, cabinet connectors, and a vast host of accessory hardware.

21

The band saw is designed with a continous blade and can cut almost any shape in a vast number of assorted materials. Most woodworkers associate band saws with cutting curved shapes like arcs and circles. While this is certainly true, they also play an indispensible role in quickly and efficiently milling complex objects that would normally be difficult and maybe impossible to cut using other woodworking machines. A few examples for these are 3-dimensional sign letters, irregularly-shaped furniture parts, wood shingles, and wood patterns used as templates. Band saws are equipped with removable fences for ripping operations, tilting tables for compound angle cuts, and a unique height cutting capacity permitting them to re-saw lumber and cut through very thick materials.

Band saws easily cut through other diverse materials such as styrofoam, plexiglas, plastics, most metals, plastic laminates, and very dense composites like solid surface material used in the fabrication of counter-tops. Even grocery store butchers use specialized band saws to cut through meat and bone. To accomodate each of the specialized materials, there are specific blades tailored and manufactured for cutting each of them.

22

Magnetic Bit Holder

23

Philips Screwdriver

24

Protable circular saws have taken on a generic name over the last several decades. I think you'll find that most woodworkers refer to them as "skill saws" even though they may or may not be manufactured by Skil Power Tools (not mispelled). As can be seen in the photo above, portable saws are designed differently to satisfy diverse job requirements. Although a saw may be suitable for framing, it wouldn't necessarily be the saw of choice for a cabinet installer when scribing a cabinet's finished end to a wall.

The framing saw is egronomically designed with its handle placed behind the saw to cut thicker stock more comfortably and with less effort. The saw on the left has its handle on top, making it easier to follow a precise line when trimming thinner materials like plywood or melamine that don't require as much force. Additionally, some manufacturers offer their consumers the option as to which side of the saw they would prefer the blade being on.

25

Adjustable Wrench

A smooth-jawed wrench used for turning nuts, bolts, and pipe fittings. Often referred to as a Crescent wrench.

26

Wood Chisel

27

Architect's Scale

A speciialized ruler used in making or measuing reduced scale drawings. It is marked with a range of calibrated ratios used for laying out distances, with scales indicating feet, inches, and fractions of inches.

28

Sliding T-Bevel

29

Putty Knife

30

Pry Bar