Patho Lecture Final Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Patho Lecture Final Deck (60):
0

gram-positive pleomorphic rods

Corynebacterium
Clubbed ends Chinese letters

1

Wuchereria bancrofti

Elephantiasis

2

Loa loa

The eye worm

3

Taenia solium

Pork tapeworm

4

Cryptococcus neoformans

Encapsulated Yeast

5

Naegleria fowleri

The brain-eating amoeba

6

Plasmodium falciparum

Most Dangerous Malaria

7

Entamoeba histolytica

Ring and dot nucleus

8

Trichuris trichiura

Whipworm

9

Coccidioides immitis

Valley fever

10

Fish Tapeworm

Diphyllobothrium

11

Giardia lamblia

Contaminated mountain stream

12

Histoplasma capsulatum

Bird or Bat Droppings – Cave

13

Taenia saginata

Beef tapeworm

14

Plasmodium vivax

Most frequent and widely distributed cause of recurring malaria:

15

The tube coagulase test does what?

detects extracellular coagulase.

16

Organisms belonging to the genus Neisseria are what gram stain?

Gram negative Diplococci

17

The bacterial species that can be described as oxidase-positive, glucose-positive, maltose-positive, sucrose-negative, lactose-negative, and a major cause of bacterial meningitis is

Niesseria meningitidis

18

Transduction is defined as what?

a mechanism that is mediated by viruses, by which DNA from two bacteria may come together in one cell, thus allowing for recombination.

19

Differential media is designed especially to what?

distinguish microorganisms on the basis of certain growth characteristics.

20

The MIC stands for:

Minimum Inhibitory Concentration

21

____ Chocolate Agar
____ Thayer-Martin Agar
____ Hektoen Enteric (HE) Agar
____ Columbia agar
____ MacConkey Agar
1. CNA
2. Neisseria and Haemophilus
3. GNR or GNB
4. Salmonella
5. Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Neisseria meningitides

__2__ Chocolate Agar
__5__ Thayer-Martin Agar
__4__ Hektoen Enteric (HE) Agar
__1__ Columbia agar
__3__ MacConkey Agar

22

Five percent to 10% hydrogen (H2), 5% to 10% CO2, 80% to 90% nitrogen (N2), and 0% O2 is the environmental condition that best suits which type of organism?

Anaerobes

23

80 % of people have it. Sticker on blood donations if they do not have it and can give to babies

CYTOMEGALOVIRUS

24

Mononucleosis

Ebstein Barr virus

25

Cold sores

HERPES SIMPLEX TYPE 1 & TYPE 2

26

Can live in Extreme cold and extreme hot.
Tumbling in wet prep urinalysis
Tube agar grows in an umbrella shape.

Listeria monocytogens

27

Leprosy

Mycobacterium leprae

28

Milky look on agar with clostridium

positive lecithinase

29

Oil on agar

Positive lipase

30

Erythamigran rash (target rash)

Lyme disease- borrelia

31

Shingles, chicken pox

Varicella zoster

32

Acid fast stain on bacteria with no cell wall

Zihel-Nelson

33

Gpb large colonies
Will stand up on plate when picked up by with loop

Bacillus anthracis

34

Lyme disease

Borrelia BURGDORFERI

35

Diphtheria

Corny bacterium diphtheria

36

Brucellosis

Brucella

37

Whooping cough

Bordatella pertussis

38

Anthrax

Bacillus anthracis

39

Rocky Mountain spotted fever

Rickettsia rickettsii

40

Tuleremia

Francisella

41

Black plaque

Yersinia pestis

42

Heme requirement

Haemophilus

43

MRSA

Staph aureus

44

Dysentery

Shigella

45

Cholera

Vibrio cholera

46

Std

Chylamdia

47

Botulism

Clostridium

48

Peptic ulcers and cancer

Helicobacter

49

Typhoid fever

Salmonella typhi

50

Legionellosis

Legionella

51

Gas gangrene

Clostridium perfringes

52

Syphilis

Trepenoma pallium

53

Swarmer of plate

Proteus

54

Alk/A H2S+, PAD (-), Lysine decarboxylase (-)

Citrobacter freundii
Salmonella paratyphi A

55

Alk/A H2S-, PAD (-), motility (-)

Shigella
Yersinia pestis

56

A/A H2S-, ImViC --++, motility (-)

Klebsiella pneumoniae

57

A/A H2S-, ImViC ++--

E. Coli

58

Alk/A H2S+, PAD (+), Indole (-)

Proteus mirabilis

59

Alk/A H2S+, PAD (+), Indole (+)
A/A H2S+, PAD (+), Indole (+)

Proteus vulgaris