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NDBE Part 1: Microbio & Pathology > Pathologies > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pathologies Deck (34)
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1

Prions cause what type of diseases?

spongiform encephalopathy
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
Mad cow disease

2

What is the relationship of ALT and AST in viral vs. alcoholic hepatitis?

viral: ALT > AST
alcoholic: ALT

3

where is the most common place to have a paradoxical emboli?

brain due to prior CHD

4

What bacteria causes acute bacterial endocarditis?

S. aureus

5

What bacteria causes subacute bacterial endocarditis?

Viridans strep (alpha-hemolytic)

6

If a patient has a tricuspid valve vegetation what cause should you suspect?

intravenous drug use

7

what bacteria is associated with prosthetic hart valves?

staph epidermidis

8

What bacteria can cause pathologies by entering the bloodstream during dental procedures?

Strep. mutans
Strep. mitis

9

What bacteria causes hypovolemic shock via rice water diarrhea?

vibrio cholera

10

What is the only G+ to have an endotoxin?

listera

11

Most common location for atherosclerotic induced aneurysm?

abdominal aorta

12

What are the collagen vascular diseases?

RA
SLE
Polyarteritis nodosa
Dermatomyositis
Scleroderma

13

What's the S/S of pseudo gut?

Calciumpyrophosphate deposits in joints

14

Serum marker of inc osteoclast activity

hydroxyproline

15

Serum marker of inc osteoblast activity

Alkaline phosphatase

16

What neoplasms are EBV associated with?

Burkitt's lymphoma
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma
B-cell lymphoma
Hairy leukoplakia

17

4 Conditions associated with Teratlogy of Fallot (children)

Dextroposed (overridden aorta)
Pulmonic stenosis
VSD
RV hypertrophy

18

S/S of Edward syndrome (trisomy 18)

Micrognathia
Rock bottom feet

19

S/S of Patau syndrome (trisomy 13)

microcephaly
cleft

20

S/S of Turner syndrome

Primary amenorrhea
Webbed neck
Short
Coarctation of aorta

21

Hyperthyroidism can cause what diseases

Plummer disease
Graves disease

22

Hypothyroidism can cause what diseases

Myxedema (adults)
Cretinism (children)
Hashimoto’s Disease

23

S/S of hypothyroidism i children

underdeveloped mandible, delayed eruption, retinaed decidduous teeth

24

hyperparathyroidism can cause what disease and S/S?

von Recklinghausen disease (osteitis fibrosa cystica)
S/S: osteolytic lesions, dec. serum phosphorus
inc. serum Ca and alkaline phosphatase

25

Reed-Sternberg cells are associated with what neoplasm?

Hodgkins

26

Philadelphia chromosome is associated with what neoplasm?

Myelogenous leukemia

27

Bence-Jones protein in urine is a sign of what neoplasm

Multiple myeloma

28

S/S of multiple myeloma

Inc plasma cells: dec RBC, platelets, WBC
Osteolyitc lesions and bone pain
hypercalcemia
Amyloidosis

29

What are the histiocytosis X pathologies?

Eosinophilic granuloma
Letterer-Side disease
Hand-Schuller-Christina disease

30

Most common cancer

basal cell carcinoma