Pathoma Nasopharynx and Larynx Flashcards Preview

CPR Week 6 > Pathoma Nasopharynx and Larynx > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pathoma Nasopharynx and Larynx Deck (26)
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1

Rhinitis

Inflammation of nasal mucosa

2

Most common cause of rhinitis

Adenovirus

3

Allergic Rhinitis

Type I HSR (Hypersentitivity Rxn) (due to pollen typically)

4

Characteristics of allergic rhinits

- Eosinophilic with inflammatory infiltrate

5

Allergic rhinitis is associated with ____ and ____.

Asthma and eczema

6

Consequence of rhinits

Nasal Polyp, caused by repeated bouts of rhinitis

7

Besides rhinitis, how can we get nasal polyps?

Cystic fibrosis in kids typically

In adults we can get ASA-intolerant asthma

8

3 parts of ASA intolerant asthma

1. Asthma
2. Aspirin induced bronchospasm
3. Nasal Polyps

9

Angiofibroma

Benign tumor of the nasal mucosa comprised of blood vessels and fibrous tissue

10

Who do we see angiofibroma in and how do we see it??

Adolescent males

Profuse epistaxis

11

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma

Nasopharyngeal malignant tumor

12

What drives nasopharyngeal carcinoma and who tends do get it?

EBV and we see it in African children and chinese adult

13

What will cue us in to a nasopharyngeal carcinoma?

Chinese adult or African child with enlarged cervical lymph nodes

14

Biopsy of nasopharyngeal carcinoma

Pleomorphic keratin positive epithelial cells in a background of lymphocytes

15

Acute epiglottitis and what brings it on?

Epiglottis inflammtion brought on by H Influenza type B in immunized and non immunized kids

16

Signs of Acute epiglottitis?

High fever, sore throat, drooling with dysphagia, muffled voice, inspiratory stridor

Risk of airway obstruction

17

Laryngotracheobronchitis

AKA?

Upper airway inflammation

Also called Croup

18

Most common cause of laryngotracheobronchitis?

Parainfluenza virus

19

Presentation of laryngotracheobronchitis

Hoarse barking cough and inspiratory stridor

20

Vocal cord nodules

Nodules on vocal cords from excessive use made of degenerative myxoid connective tissue

21

Presentation of vocal cord nodules

Hoarseness, resolves with rest

22

What is laryngeal papilloma

Benign papillary tumor of the vocal cord

23

Cause of laryngeal papilloma

HPV6 and 11

24

Child vs. adult for laryngeal papilloma

Single in adults, multiple in children

25

Laryngeal cell carcinoma is a ____ carcinoma arising from _____

Squamos cell carcinoma arising from the epithelial lining of the vocal cord

26

Risk factors for laryngeal carcinoma?

Alcohol and tobacco