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Flashcards in Pediatric COPD Deck (24)
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1

Cystic Fibrosis

Genetic disease characterized by an exocrine gland dysfunction causing excessive mucus production

2

Intermittent asthma

Symptoms that last less than two days and don't affect daily function, rescue medication for symptoms

3

Mild persistent asthma

Symptoms last less than two days and affect daily life mildly, daily Meds and rescue Meds for treatment

4

Moderate persistent asthma

Symptoms daily with interference with daily life, daily inhaled Meds, exacerbations last for days

5

Severe persistent asthma

Continual symptoms that limit daily living, high doses of steroids daily for Meds, frequent exacerbations

6

Extrinsic asthma triggers

Allergens, foods, irritants, colds

7

Intrinsic asthma triggers

Emotional, exercise, conditions, hormones

8

S/S of asthma

Inspiratory and expiatory wheeze, cough, SOB, restlessness, headache, chest tightness, accessory muscle use, hyperresonance on percussion, tripoding

9

Rescue asthma Meds

Medications for quick relief

10

Types of rescue asthma drugs

Beta adrenergic agonists (bronchodilators), corticosteroids (anti inflammatory)

11

Types of long term asthma drugs

Non steroid inhaler, leukotriene modifiers and long acting beta aginists

12

Cystic Fibrosis

Endocrine disorder that increases mucus production in the respiratory, GI, integumentary, and reproductive

13

How do you develop Cystic Fibrosis

It is genetic disease that is obtained in 1/4 of babies born to CF carriers

14

Respiratory symptoms of CF

Viscous mucus, cough, dyspnea, wheeze, atelectasis, clubbing, barrel chest, cyanosis

15

GI symptoms of CF

Steatorhea (fat in stool), prolapsed rectum, weight loss, malabsorption of fat soluble vitamins, abdominal distention, meconium ileus, distal intestinal obstruction syndrome

16

Skin and reproductive symptoms for CF

Increased sodium in sweat, mucus plus cervix, delayed female puberty, male sterility

17

Pulmonary therapy for CF

Chest physiotherapy, forced expiration, bronchodilators, mucolytics, corticosteroids, antibiotics, oxygen, lung transplant

18

Manual chest PT

Cupping hits on the back to get the mucus broken up and out

19

Mechanical chest PT

Vibrating vest

20

When not to do when in chest PT

after eating, pulmonary hemorrhage, PE, increased intracranial pressure, osteogenesis imperfecta, cardiac complications, anomalies, after Meds, ESRD

21

Drugs for CF

Nebulized bronchodilators, mucolytics, antibiotics, kalydeco (genetic therapy)

22

Problematic infections with CF patients

P. aeruginosa, B. cepacia (moves through CF patients very quickly), E. coli, flu, MRSA, fungal infections

23

Diet for a CF patient

High calorie, high protein, limit fat intake, pancreatic enzymes before meals, vitamins A D E K supplements, high salt, frequent meals

24

Asthma

Characterized by chronic inflammation and exacerbated by irritation from an allergen, bacteria, virus, exercise or stress