Flashcards in Prematurity Deck (48)
What does LPI stand for?
Late Premature Infant (36wks)
A newborn is born before 28wks gestation it is considered?
Lack of prenatal care, medical equipment and little education are all what?
Contributing factors to prematurity
Diagnosis of a premature baby is done so by assessing the physical and gestational age of the newborn, what are the physical characteristics dependent on?
What is the overall problem of a premature newborn?
Immature organ systems
What is the major problem w/ preterm newborn?
If there is not enough glycogen produced in the liver and brown fat, what kind of problem is this?
Thermoregulation (limits heat production)
How will a preterm newborns posture be?
What kind of problem is it when a preterm newborn has a poor gag reflex (can aspirate) and doesn't meet high calorie needs bc of small stomach?
Fluid and electrolyte imbalances, fluid retention, dehydration or over hydration are all what kind of problems?
A baby is more @ risk for infection bc of a decrease in passive immunity of what maternal antibodies? And what kind of problem is this?
IgA and IgG, immunological
A sunken in fontanel can mean what?
What is the "soft spot" on top of the baby's head called?
A protruded fontanel can mean what?
Increase in endocrine pressure
The characteristics of the color of a premature newborn are?
Cyanosis, jaundice, pallor
The characteristics of the skin of a premature newborn are?
Red, translucent, thin, wrinkles, few/no creases on feet
The characteristics of the lanugo of a premature newborn are?
Fine thin soft hair
The characteristics of the head size of a premature newborn are?
Very large in relation to the body
The characteristics of the skull bones of a premature newborn are?
Pliable (easily bent)
The characteristics of the ears of a premature newborn are?
Pliable, minimum cartilage
The characteristics of the male genitals of a premature newborn are?
Small, testes may not be descended and scrotum smooth/nonrugated
The characteristics of the female genitals of a premature newborn are?
Clit/labia minora are prominent, swollen
The characteristics of the resting position of a premature newborn are?
The characteristics of the cry of a premature newborn are?
The characteristics of the reflexes of a premature newborn are?
Weak/absent suck, swallow, gag reflex
The characteristics of the activity of a premature newborn are?
Jerky motions, hypotonic
A decrease in what and inadequate lung development causes respiratory problems in the preterm newborn?
What two phospholipids prevent the alveoli from completely collapsing when theres a decrease in surfactant?
Lecithin and sphingomyelin
When does fetal breathing begin?