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Flashcards in Prematurity Deck (48)
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1

What does LPI stand for?

Late Premature Infant (36wks)

2

A newborn is born before 28wks gestation it is considered?

Extreme prematurity

3

Lack of prenatal care, medical equipment and little education are all what?

Contributing factors to prematurity

4

Diagnosis of a premature baby is done so by assessing the physical and gestational age of the newborn, what are the physical characteristics dependent on?

Gestational age

5

What is the overall problem of a premature newborn?

Immature organ systems

6

What is the major problem w/ preterm newborn?

Thermoregulation (hypothermia)

7

If there is not enough glycogen produced in the liver and brown fat, what kind of problem is this?

Thermoregulation (limits heat production)

8

How will a preterm newborns posture be?

Hyperflexed

9

What kind of problem is it when a preterm newborn has a poor gag reflex (can aspirate) and doesn't meet high calorie needs bc of small stomach?

Gastrointestinal

10

Fluid and electrolyte imbalances, fluid retention, dehydration or over hydration are all what kind of problems?

Renal

11

A baby is more @ risk for infection bc of a decrease in passive immunity of what maternal antibodies? And what kind of problem is this?

IgA and IgG, immunological

12

A sunken in fontanel can mean what?

Dehydration

13

What is the "soft spot" on top of the baby's head called?

Fontanel

14

A protruded fontanel can mean what?

Increase in endocrine pressure

15

The characteristics of the color of a premature newborn are?

Cyanosis, jaundice, pallor

16

The characteristics of the skin of a premature newborn are?

Red, translucent, thin, wrinkles, few/no creases on feet

17

The characteristics of the lanugo of a premature newborn are?

Fine thin soft hair

18

The characteristics of the head size of a premature newborn are?

Very large in relation to the body

19

The characteristics of the skull bones of a premature newborn are?

Pliable (easily bent)

20

The characteristics of the ears of a premature newborn are?

Pliable, minimum cartilage

21

The characteristics of the male genitals of a premature newborn are?

Small, testes may not be descended and scrotum smooth/nonrugated

22

The characteristics of the female genitals of a premature newborn are?

Clit/labia minora are prominent, swollen

23

The characteristics of the resting position of a premature newborn are?

Flaccid, frog-like

24

The characteristics of the cry of a premature newborn are?

Weak

25

The characteristics of the reflexes of a premature newborn are?

Weak/absent suck, swallow, gag reflex

26

The characteristics of the activity of a premature newborn are?

Jerky motions, hypotonic

27

A decrease in what and inadequate lung development causes respiratory problems in the preterm newborn?

Surfactant

28

What two phospholipids prevent the alveoli from completely collapsing when theres a decrease in surfactant?

Lecithin and sphingomyelin

29

When does fetal breathing begin?

11wks

30

A baby is supposed to have a Lecithin and Sphingomyelin (L/S) ratio of what when born and if don't have respiratory distress?

2:1