Fetal Assessment Flashcards Preview

NURSING Maternity Review > Fetal Assessment > Flashcards

Flashcards in Fetal Assessment Deck (15)
Loading flashcards...
1

when can a fetal heart be heard

at 12 weeks

2

fundal height

symphysis pubis to top of the fundus

3

what causes accelerations of heart rate in a fetus

external sounds, position, vaginal examination, contraction, abdominal palpitation, internal HR monitor

4

what causes decelerations of heart rate in a fetus

pressure on head, umbilical contractions, prolonged labor, disruption of O2 transfer, maternal DM, mother supine, epidural, PIH, post term, infection

5

prolonged decelerations

when the fetal heart rate is below 15 beats per minute than baseline for longer than 2 min

6

nuchal cord

the umbilical cord is around the neck 360 degrees

7

Emergency measures for nuchal cord

reposition or c-section

8

Fetal kick test

mom eats and there needs to be 5 to 10 kicks in a half hour

9

Leopold Maneuvers determine what...

baby position, presentation, engagement, uterine irritability, contractions, movement and weight

10

electronic monitoring

records fetal activity, fetal HR, it is done continuous during labor to find complications, used for fetal testing, there are complications with the mother if obese or the baby is in a weird position

11

Accelerations in FHR caused by

external sounds, position, vaginal exams, contractions, abdominal palpitation, internal HR monitor

12

Decelerations in FHR are caused by

pressure on the head, umbilical cord compression, prolonged labor, disruption in O2 transfer, maternal DM, mother supine, epidural, PIH, post term, maternal infection

13

Prolonged Decelerations

when the FHR is below 15 beats than baseline for longer than 2 mins

14

Chorionic Villus Sampling

done to do genetic testing on the baby

15

Ultrasound can tell

gestational age, growth, placenta location, polyhydraminos or oligohydraminos