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Flashcards in Pediatric pharm Deck (18):
1

Medications that have increased absorption in neonates

penicillins, erythromycin

2

Medication with decreased absorption in neonates

acetaminophen

3

Due to the increased permeability of infant's skin, what should be used with caution?

steroid containing preparation, iodine absorbed from Betadine

4

Percent of body weight in neonates that is ECF

40%

5

Describe the difference of plasma protein binding in neonates

decreased concentration of total protein, decreased binding affinity, presence of bilirubin

6

For children aged 6 months -2yrs, what amount needs to be given for anticonvulsants

2-5x the adult does

7

Describe GFR in infants and children and it's effect on drug administration

GFR very rapid, drugs eliminated by GFR administered at shorter intervals

8

Common overdoses in pediatrics

iron supplements and acetaminophen

9

How do GI and IM absorption differ in infants/children compared to adults?

Infants and children generally absorb medications more rapidly and completely than adults

10

Two drugs to avoid in pediatrics

propylene glycol and benzyl alcohol

11

How many cc or ml equals one teaspons

5cc or 5 ml

12

Route of acetaminophen administration that is discourage due to wide variation of effects

rectal

13

Percent of caregivers unable to dose Tyelonol and Motrin properly

50%, most commonly underdosing

14

Fever reducer not labeled for infants < 6 months

Motrin

15

Dose of ibuprofen

5-10mg/kg per dose, every 6 hours. Reserve the 10mg/kg for high fevers

16

How many pound in a kg?

2.2 lbs = 1 kg

17

Two major drug classes not to use for pediatrics

fluoroquinolones and tetracyclines

18

Normal dosing of tyelonol

10-15 mg/kg