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Flashcards in Peripheral Vascular System- Bates Tables Deck (29):
1

What is the difference between pitting edema and lymphedema?

In pitting edema there is pitting for 1-2 seconds after pressure is applied
In lymphedema skin becomes hard and nonpitting

2

In what condition are there brawny changes and skin thickening along with brownish pigmentation, ulceration and edema in the feet?

Chronic Venous insufficiency

3

If an individual has pain in their legs even at rest, what does this mean

More severe form of atherosclerosis
Ischemia of the muscles even at rest

4

What type of arterial disorder has a sudden onset and involves distal pain and color changes?

Acute arterial occlusion

5

In what type of Raynaud's is there no underlying condition?

Raynaud's disease

6

What is a venous disorder that is a clot formation in a superficial vein and pain occurs along the course. Most often in saphenous system

Superficial thrombophlebitis

7

What venous condition have diffuse aching of the legs and also has chronic edema and pigmentation, possibly with ulceration

Chronic venous insufficiency (deep)

8

What is a disorder with intermittent claudication particularly in the arch of the food that occurs in smokers and can have gangrene at the tips of the fingers or toes?

Thromboangiitis Obliterans (Buerger's Disease)

9

What condition, if acute, is caused by anabolic steroids or surgical complication and needs a surgical incision to relieve pain?

Compartment synrdome

10

What does chronic compartment syndrome occur with?

Exercise

11

What is an acute bacterial infection that is red streak(s) on teh skin with tenderness and enlarged lymph nodes?

Acute lymphangitis

12

What is an acute bacterial infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissues that have a local area of swelling, fever?

Acute Cellulitis

13

What is a raised tender bilateral subcutaneous lesions seen in systemic conditions on the anterior surface of both legs?

Erythema Nodosum

14

How long should a patient lie supine in a warm room before an ABI?

10 minutes

15

Where is ABI measures in the UE?

Brachial artery

16

Where is ABI measured in the LE

Dorsalis pedis and posterior tibial arteries

17

How is an ABI calculate the right side?

Highest right average ankle pressure (DP or PT) / highest average arm pressure (right or left)

18

What would an ABI of 0.40 be classified as?

Moderate PAD

19

What would an ABI of <0.39 be classified as?

Severe PAD

20

What would an ABI of >0.90 be classifeid as?

Normal lower extremity blood flow

21

What would an ABI of 0.60 be classified as?

Mild PAD

22

What type of advanced chronic insufficiency has intermittent claudication that can progress to pain at rest?

chronic arterial insufficiency

23

What type of advanced chronic insufficiency is caused by tissue ischemia?

chronic arterial insufficiency

24

What type of advanced chronic insufficiency is the skin cool?

Chronic arterial insufficiency

25

What type of advanced chronic insufficiency can often have brown pigmentation around the ankle, stasis dermatitis, and thickening of the skin?

Chronic venous insufficiency

26

What type of advanced chronic insufficiency losses hair, has shiny legs and thickened nails?

Chronic arterial insufficiency

27

Where do ulcers typically develop in chronic venous insufficiency?

Medial malleolus

28

Where would ulcers develop in chronic arterial insufficiency?

Toes or points of trauma on feet

29

Does gangrene develop in chronic venous insufficiency?

No, but may develop in chronic arterial insufficiency