Flashcards in Petroleum Chapter 3 Deck (23)
Which of the following is a metal?
Sulfur, Chlorine, Phosphorus, Aluminum
Which of the following atoms could be a donator or a receiver of electrons?
Bromine, Potassium, Sulfur, Silicon
To separate the different fractions of petroleum what do we use?
Who is the biggest consumer of oil?
What do ionic bonds contain?
a metal and a non-metal
Which of these elements has 6 valence electrons?
Oxygen, Selenium, Sulfur
Look at the periodic table
What is a polyatomic ion?
Many atoms with a charge
Which of these elements is a non-metal?
Aluminum, Oxygen, Beryllium, Oxygen
Which of these liquids have high viscosity?
Milk, Molasses, Water, Methylene Chloride
Which of the following is a polyatomic ion?
NH(4), N(3-), H(4), NH(4+)
What physical property is used to separate the different fractions of petroleum?
What is the name of the group that petroleum belongs to?
A liquid that flows or moves very quickly and easily has what kind of viscosity?
Small hydrocarbons have (what size) intermolecular forces between them?
Be able to draw the electron dot diagrams for elements
See Mr. Krumpelman for help
Be able to complete a char for prefixes
Example: Hepta - - 7
Explain how a ionic bond "sticks" together?
They attract - - positive to negative
What are the differences between ionic and covalent bonds?
Covalent - - 2 nonmetals and they have shared electrons
Ionic - - metals + nonmetal and they transfer electrons
What is the difference between polyatomic cation and a polyatomic anion?
Cation = postive
Anion = negative
How do you figure out how many valence electrons an atom has in the main group elements?
Main group number = number of valence electrons
Describe how fractional distillation works.
Must include heat, boiling point, vaporize
Be able to tell if a formula is ionic or covalent and then name it.
Example - - MgO - - Ionic - - Magnesium Oxide
Di Hydrogen Monoxide - - Covalent - - H(2)O