Pharmacology for Psychiatry Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Pharmacology for Psychiatry Deck (49):
1

Treatment for ADHD

methylphenidate

2

treatment for bulimia

SSRIs

3

treatment for PTSD

SSRIs

4

treatment for tourette

antipsychotics (haloperidol, risperidone)

5

Methylphenidate

CNS stimulant- incr catecholamine at synaptic cleft

6

Dextroamphetamine

CNS stimulant- incr catecholamine at synaptic cleft

7

Methamphetamine

CNS stimulant- incr catecholamine at synaptic cleft

8

Phentermine

CNS stimulant- incr catecholamine at synaptic cleft

9

Halperidol

antipsychotic- high potency

10

trifuloperazone

antipsychotic- high potency

11

chlorpromazine

antipsychotic- low potency

12

What is the mechanism of typical antipsychotics?

block dopamine D2 receptor (inc cAMP)

13

fluphenazine

antipsychotic- high potency

14

thioridazine

antipsychotic- low potency

15

describe neuroleptic malignant syndrome (FEVER)

Fever
Encephalopathy
Vitals unstable
Enzymes incr
Rigidity of muscles

16

Describe tardive dyskinesia

sterotypic oral-facial movements associated with long-term psychotic use

17

What are the toxicities commonly associated with antipsychotics?

Extrapyramidal side effects (dystonia, akathisia, bradykinesia)
Endocrine side effects (hyerprolactiemia)

18

Olanzapine

atypical antipsychotic

19

clozapine

atypical antipsychotic

20

quetiapine

atypical antipsychotic

21

Risperidone

atypical antipsychotic

22

Aripiprazole

atypical antipsychotic

23

Ziprasidone

atypical antipsychotic

24

What is an important side effect for olanzapine

weight gaine

25

what are important side effects for clozapine

weight gain, agranulocytosis, seizure

26

What are important side effects for risperidone

incr prolactin

27

What are important side effects for ziprasidone

prolong QT interval

28

mechanism of atypical antipsychotics

unknown
effects on 5-HT2, dopamine, a, H1 receptors

29

Lithium

mood stabilizer

30

Side effects of lithium

tremor, nephrogenic DI, hypothyroidism

31

Buspirone

stimulates 5-HT1A
generalized anxiety disorder

32

Fluoxietine

SSRI

33

paroxetine

SSRI

34

sertraline

SSRI

35

citalopram

SSRI

36

Mechanism of SSRI

5-HT specific reuptake inhibitors

37

cyproheptadine

used to treat serotonin syndrome

38

venlaxafine

SNRI

39

amitryptyline

TCA- used for neuropathic pain

40

Imipramine

TCA- used to treat enuresis

41

Clomiparamine

TCA- used to treat OCD

42

Transcyclpromine

MAOI

43

Phenlzine

MAOI

44

What are the side effects of MAOIs?

hypertensive crisis, serotonin syndrome

45

What are the side effects of tricyclic antidepressants?

convulsions, comas, cardiotoxicity

46

What are common side effects of SSRIs?

anorgasmia, serotonin syndrome, weight loss

47

Bupropion

atypical antidepressant
used for smoking cessation
incr norepinephrine, dopamine

48

mirtazapine

atypical antidepressant
causes sedation, weight gain

49

trazodone

atypical antidpressant
used to treat insomnia
can cause priapism