Pharmacology Hesi Level 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Pharmacology Hesi Level 3 Deck (9)
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1

H2 receptor antagonist (H2RA's) (H2 Receptor blockers)
ACTION:

reduce but do not completely abolish acid secretion. Competitively block H2 receptor of acid producing parietal cells.

2

H2RA's Indications (5)

GERD, Peptic Ulcer, Erosive esophagitis, Zollinger-Ellison syndrome and stress ulcer prophylaxis

3

H2RA's Medications

cimetidine, ranitidine, famotidine, and nizatidine. All these medications are available OTC

4

Allopurinol Indications

Primary therapeutic outcome is reduced serum uric acid levels with a lower frequency of acute gouty attacks.

5

Superinfection

An infection occuring during antimicrobial treatment for another infection, resulting from overgrowth of an organism not susceptible to the antibiotic used. example: thrush in the mouth, stomatitis

6

Pharmacodynamic tolerance

When the body requires a higher dose of a medication to achieve the same therapeutic effects. At the receptor sites in the body.

7

Tegretol Indications and action

Treatment for seizures and diabetic neuropathy. Decreases synaptic transmission CNS affection sodium channels.

8

Tegretol contraindications

Flulike symptoms such as sore throat, fever, and fatigue should be reported to healthcare providers to evaluate for dyscrasias.

9

Naxalone (Narcan) indications and action

Reverses CNS depression and respiratory depression. Blocks the effects of opioids. Used for opiate overdose.