Pharmacology Test Five Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Pharmacology Test Five Deck (198)
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Losartan potassium (Cozaar, Hyzaar) is classified as

Angiotensin II receptor blocker

1

Side/adverse effects for ARBs

Upper respiratory infection
Related to overdose: hypotension

2

Teaching for ARBs

Don't use in second and third trimesters. Pts being treated for hypertension must monitor BP

3

Nifedipine (Procardia) is classified as

Calcium channel blocker

4

Action of calcium channel blockers

Blocks calcium channels, promotes vasodilation

5

Side effects for calcium channel blockers

Peripheral edema, can make heart failure worse, angina, hypertension

6

Teaching for calcium channel blocker

Can be used with nitroglycerin. Don't take with fruit juice (causes toxicity). Monitor BP. Report angina.

7

Prazosin (Minipress) is classified as

Alpha adrenergic blocker

8

Action of Minipress

Blocks sympathetic nervous system response and causes vasodilation

9

Side effects for Minipress

Dizziness, impotence with high doses, edema in mornings, first dose syncope ~30-90 minutes

10

Teaching for Minipress

Safest to give at night. Works well with blacks. Asians are twice of sensitive so need smaller dose

11

Doxazosin (Cardura) is classified as

Alpha adrenergic blocker

12

Action for Cardura

Blocks alpha receptors, used for lowering BP

13

Side effects for Cardura

Dizziness, first dose hypotension

14

Teaching for Cardura

Safest to give at night

15

Metoprolol (Lopressor) is classified as

Beta adrenergic blocker

16

Action of beta blocker

Beta blockade in the heart and conduction system

17

Side effects of beta blocker

Bradycardia, decreased cardiac output

18

Teaching for beta blocker

Assess BP and heart rate. Hold if heart rate is less than 60. Watch for orthostatic hypotension, impotence, does not work well with blacks

19

Heparin is classified as

Anticoagulant

20

Action of heparin

Inactivated thrombin formation and affects clowning factor 10A so fibrin doesn't form

21

Side/adverse effects for heparin

Itching
Bleeding

22

Teaching for heparin

Given to pts that already have clots to keep from getting bigger. Also given for high risk of clots. Monitor for bleeding. Teach what to do if cut themselves. Use soft toothbrushes, electric razors

23

Enoxaparin (Lovenox) is classified as

Anticoagulant

24

Action for Lovenox

Prevention of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism

25

Advantages of Lovenox

Less bleeding, safer than heparin

26

Dabigatran (Pradaxa) is classified as

Anticoagulant

27

Pradaxa acts how

Affects clotting

28

Advantages of Pradaxa

No food interactions. Needs no blood monitoring

29

Disadvantages of Pradaxa

No antidote. Very expensive.