Pharmacology Test Seven (Final Exam) Flashcards Preview

From Flashcardlet > Pharmacology Test Seven (Final Exam) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pharmacology Test Seven (Final Exam) Deck (207)
Loading flashcards...
1

During pregnancy, women require 27 mg/day (normally it’s 18 mg/day). Not necessary usually until 2nd trimester. Goal is to prevent maternal iron deficiency anemia.

Iron

2

Prevents neural tube defects

Folic acid

3

Can be used to control pain during pregnancy and can be used all throughout pregnancy on short term basis

acetaminophen (Tylenol) and ASA

4

What are Uterine Stimulants-Oxytocics used for in labor and delivery?

induce labor

5

What are Tocolytics used for in labor and delivery?

stop labor

6

What is magnesium used for in labor and delivery?

Slow labor down

7

What are opioids used for in labor and delivery?

Pain relief

8

What is Ethinyl estradiol and drospirenone (Yasmin) classified as?

Oral Contraception – ethinyl estradiol and drospirenone

9

Action for Yasmin

Prevent pregnancy

10

Side effects for Yasmin

No protection against STDs, no barrier to microbes. Has cardiovascular risk, DVT, thrombolism if combined with smoking

11

Nursing for Yasmin

Needs prescription, may be expensive, must be taken as prescribed in order to be effective

12

What is Estrogen HRT:
Conjugated equine estrogen (Premarin)
classified as?

Conjugated estrogen

13

Action for Premarin

Used to treat moderate to severe menopause symptoms i.e. hot flashes, osteoporosis

14

Side effects for Premarin

Fluid retention, nausea, vomiting, breast tenderness, depression, thromboembolus, increase in cancers, endometrial cancers

15

Nursing for Premarin

Try to use lowest possible dose for shortest amount of time.

16

What is Oxytocin (Pitocin) classified as?

Uterine smooth muscle stimulant

17

Action for Pitocin

Ovulation stimulant and uterine smooth muscle contractor

18

Side effects for Pitocin

Tachycardia, premature ventricular contractions, hypotension, nausea, vomiting.

19

Nursing for Pitocin

Monitor vitals, notify physician of abnormal contractions, check for blood loss

20

What is the classification for Terbutaline (Brethine)?

Premature labor inhibitor

21

Action for Brethine

Inhibits uterine contractions

22

Side effects for Brethine

Tremors, anxiety, drowsiness, headache, nausea, dizziness

23

Nursing for Brethine

Offer emotional support, assess vitals, observe for cyanosis

24

Classification for Clomiphene citrate (Clomid)

Estrogen antagonist

25

Action for Clomid

Binds with estrogen and makes body produce more estrogen. Stimulates ovulation.

26

Side effects for Clomid

Breast discomfort, depression, fluid retention, vision disturbances, weight gain, ectopic pregnancy

27

Nursing for Clomid

Used for women who wish to become pregnant

28

Classification for Raloxifene (Evista)

Osteoporosis preventive

29

Action for Evista

Binds to estrogen receptors, increasing bone mineral density

30

Side effects for Evista

Hot flashes, flu-like symptoms, weight gain, nausea, vaginal bleeding, breast pain