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Block 3; Week 7 > Pictures > Flashcards

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1

Label the structures that you can. Good luck! : )

2

What do these slides show? 

the female ovary!

3

What is this showing? 

This shows the follicular cells on the outside, the zona pellucida one layer lower & the primary oocyte would be hidden beneath the ZP. 

4

What structures can you identify? At this stage do we have granulosa or follicular cells? What is that hole filled with? 

Theca Externa

Theca Interna

Follicular Cells

*hole filled w/ follicular fluid

**granulosa cells at this stage b/c the theca interna cells are so round in shape

5

Which structures can you identify? 

Can clearly see:

basal lamina

follicular cells

primary oocyte

zona pellucida

theca interna cells

**anything after this development point is definitely granulosa cells. Granulosa cells may also be present here. 

6

What type of follicle is this? Which structures can you identify? 

definitely a primary follicle unilaminar

**can see follicular cells, primary oocyte, nucleus, perhaps developing zona pellucida

7

What are those cells beneath the primary oocyte? 

called cumulus oophorus

8

Identify the structures that you can. 

9

What do those 2 red dotted lines show? 

Early & late bloomers. Shows that growth can vary. 

10

Which is more affected in this growth chart: height or weight? What might the cause be, then? 

Height is more affected.

Likely an endocrine problem. In this patient, it turned out to be hypothyroidism. 

11

What condition does this child likely have? 

Hypopituitarism

He has a single central incisor & midline facial hypoplasia.

12

What condition does this child have?

Turner's Syndrome

13

What condition does this child likely have? 

Noonan's

14

What condition does this child likely have? 

Prader Willis Syndrome

15

What condition does this child likely have? 

Russell-Silver Syndrome

16

What condition does this child likely have? 

Noonan's

17

What condition did this girl likely recovery from? 

Cushing's!

She lost a lot of weight after she went off of inhaled steroids as an asthma treatment. 

18

What is the issue with the patient indicated on this growth chart? 

Weight is more dramatically reduced. 

This is probably a GI issue of malabsorption...could be Celiac, IBD, renal tubular acidosis

19

What condition might explain the results shown on this growth chart? 

Exogenous Obesity

makes you hit puberty faster & grow taller & larger. 

20

Label this slide. 

21

What does the GL stand for? What does the TL stand for? What structure are we looking @ now? 

GL: granulosa lutein cells

TL: theca lutein cells

**corpus luteum

22

What kind of tissue is this? 

This is a corpus lutuem that has white scar tissue deposits. It is starting to die. 

23

What structures do you see? 

This is an ovary. You see primordial follicle in the ovarian cortex. In the medulla, you also see an interstitial gland. There is a unilaminar follicle. 

24

Label the parts of the female anatomy. 

25

What are we looking @ here? 

Uterine tube.

Peg cells (rounded tops)

Ciliated columnar cells

Remember: if it extended, you would see ICOL & Serosa

26

You see the endometrium here. Which stage are we in? 

Secretory Phase

**you can even see the glycogen stores!

27

You see the endometrium here. Which phase are we in? 

Proliferative Phase

28

You see the endometrium here. Which phase are we in? 

Menstruation, ischemic period

29

What is this? Which structures can you identify? 

Scrotum

30

Where are the Sertoli cells located? Where are the Leydig Cells located? What is found in the CT sheath around the seminiferous tubules? 

Sertoli cells w/i the seminiferous tubules

Leydig cells are in the interstitium

CT sheath: blood vessels, lymphatics, myoepithelial cells