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1

1944 education act

Influenced meritocracy and brought about the tripartite system as children were selected and allocated to different types of secondary school

Grammar schools - access to none manual jobs and higher education

Secondary modern: practical curriculum and access to manual work for pupils who failed their exams

2

The comprehensive school system

Overcame the class divide and made education more meritocratic

3

Marxist and functionalist view on education

Functionalists see education as fulfilling its function such as social interrogation


Marxists see education as serving the interests of capitalism by reproducing and legitimising class inequality

4

Marketisation

Basically a school selling itself to parents.it reduces the state control over parents

Examples of marketisation: formula funding : schools receiving the same amounts for more pupils, schools having to compete to attract pupils

5

What does David argue?

Argues marketised education as a parentocracy ( rule by parents )

6

Ball and Whitty

Marketisation policies such as exam league tables and funding formula reproduce class inequalities

7

Cream skimming

Schools being more selective and choose their own customers , attracting MC pupils.

8

Silt shifting

Good schools can avoid taking less able pupils and damage the schools exam league table position.

9

Funding formula

Schools are given money for how much pupils they attract

Unpopular schools loose income as they attract less pupils

10

Gerwitz

Differences in parents economic and cultural capital leads to less class differences.

11

What are they types of parents in parental choice

Priveleged skilled choosers,disconnected local choosers and semi skilled choosers

12

What is the role of privileged skilled choosers

Professional MC parents used economic and cultural capital to gain educational capital for their children


THEY ARE WELL EDUCATED

13

What are the disconnected local choosers

WC parents, restricted choices by their lack of educational and cultural capital l


DIFFICULT TO UNDERSTAND SCHOOL ADMISSIONS, less confident with schools

Limited funds

14

Semi skilled choosers

WC Parents, ambitious for their children , lacked cultural capital

15

Myth of parentocracy

Education system sees school as for the benefit of parents


BALL ARGUES THAT PATRNTOCRACY IS A MYTH

16

Policies to reduce inequality

Education maintainace allowances


Payments to students from low income backgrounds to help them stay in school

17

Academies

Schools were encouraged to leave local authority control , removing the focus on inequality

18

Free schools

Set up and run by parents, teachers , businesses and faith organisations rather than the local authorities

19

Fragmentation

The comprehensive system is being replaced by diverse provision

20

Centralisation of control

Government has power to make schools into academies ,, these schools are funded by the government

21

Privatisation

Transfer of public assets eg: schools to private companies

EDUCATION BECOMES A SOURCE OF PROFIT

22

Define ESI

Education services industry

23

Cola-isation of schools

Private sector penetrating schools indirectly eg : VENDING MACHIENES

24

What does the Marxist Stuart Hall say?

Academies are an example of public services being handed to private capitalists

25

Althusser ideological state apparatus

The repressive state apparatus
Maintain the rule of the bourgeoisie

The ideological state apparatus

Maintain the rule of the bourgeoise by controlling people’s ideas values and beliefs