Topic 2 - Class Differences in Achievement Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Topic 2 - Class Differences in Achievement Deck (37)
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1

what is labelling

to attach a meaning or definition, teachers may label a student as bright, thick or troublesome

2

what do teachers label upon

they label pupils based on stereotyped assumptions about their class
THEY LABEL WOPRKING CLASS NEGATIVELY AND MIDDLE CLASS POSITIVELY.

3

beckers interactionist study of labelling

60 Chicago high school students , teachers judged accordingly on how they fit the 'ideal pupil'

4

Jorgensen primary school study

teachers labelled the ideal pupil as quiet, passive and obedient- judged on their behaviour, not ability

5

Labelling in secondary schools - Dunne and GAzely

schools persistently produce WC underachievement , teachers normalised the underachievement of WC pupils,
THEY BELIEVED THEY COULD OVERCOME THE UNDERACHIEVEMENT OF MC.

6

teachers would set extension tasks for underachieving middle class pupils and entered WC for easier exams

wc pupils who were doing well were seen as overachieving

7

Rays rist
(primary school)

teacher used information from pupils home backgrounds and appearance to place them into separate groups, depending on ability
tigers, clowns and cardinals

8

why is the self fulfilling prophecy significant

teacher attaches label to student, teacher treats accordingly, student internalises label which becomes part of his self image

9

Rosenthall and Jacobson ( selkf fulfilling prophecy)

test to identify spurters, even though they were given a standard IQ test
they return to the school a year later and the spurters had made progress

10

why is rosenthall and jacobsons study significant ?

it shows us an interactionist principle : what people believe to be true will have real effects
it also shows us that the SFP can also produce underachievement as teachers portray their beliefs about students based on interaction

11

outline the definition of streaming

separating children into different groups, based on their ability

12

why is it hard for streamed pupils to move up

as they @get the image' that their teachers believe that they are faliures as teachers have shone their view on them

13

Do middle class benefit from streaming ?

yes as they are likely to be placed in higher streams , they gain confidence and work harder on their grades

14

Gillborn an youdell link streaming to exam league tables, why ?

exam league tables create the A-C economy - where teachers put time into students that theyu know will achieve higher grades and boost the schools exam league table position

15

Gillborn an youdell link streaming to exam league tables, why ?

exam league tables create the A-C economy - where teachers put time into students that they know will achieve higher grades and boost the schools exam league table position

16

def differentiation

when techers catergorise pupils based on their abilty or behaviour qw

17

def differentiation

when teachers categorise pupils based on their ability or behaviour

18

Def polarisation

pupils respond to streaming by moving towards two poles - poro school subculture and the anti school

19

the pro school subculture

pupils that are placed in high streams- usually MC, commited to the values of the school.They have good goals,enjoy school, have regular attendance and enjoy school

20

the anti school subculture

placed in low streams (wc), suffer a loss of self esteem
SCHOOL HAS PLACED THEM INTO INFERIOR STATUS
gain status status from their friends eg: truanting.They dislike school, flout its rules

21

what are the types of pupil responses

ingratiation,ritualism,retreatism and rebellion

22

what is ingratiation

being the teachers pet

23

def ritualism

staying out of trouble

24

retreatism

day dreaming, mucking about

25

rebellion

rejection of what the school stands for

26

furlong

there are different types of response, acting differently with other teachers

27

what is a habitus

is a for granted way of thinking , thinking and acting that are shared by a particular social class, mc can define its habitus as superior, placing it on the education system so the school holds middle class values

A02- this could be the reason why middle class feel alienated

28

what is this :
refers to the harm done by denying someone status and value, defining their culture as worthless

symbolic violence

29

what is this :
status, recognition and a sense of self worth that we gain from others
eg : wc girls gain ------ by performing a Nike identity

symbolic capital

30

Evans
wc girls from south London studying for their a levels, Reluctant to apply for places like Oxbridge universities
where does this come from

it comes from their habitus, they think about whether they would fit in