Flashcards in politics Deck (2):
He failed in ~ because he was such a poor speaker.
- foreign / economic / social / defence / immigration ~ -
a politician (n)
The prime minister is unlikely to get this law through ~.
When parliament voted against the prime minister, the
whole ~ decided to step down.
a MP (n)
a minister (n)
cabinet (n) The Prime Minister and his ministers, e.g. the Foreign
Secretary and the Home Secretary, form the so-called
Minister of the
a department (n) A government consists of several ~s, e.g. the ~s of
education, the environment, trade, defence and the
a ~ store (n)
head of state (n) The chief representative of a country is called ~. In the
US, the ~ is also the head of government.
to head (v)
~ a meeting etc.
constitution (n) Unlike most European countries, the UK has no written
law violates the ~.
civil rights (n) ~ comprise basic freedoms such as the freedom of
speech, the freedom of the press and the freedom of
assembly, to name just a few.
= civil liberties (n)
equal (adj) The government's central aim was to promote ~
opportunities for women.
an election (n)
the electorate (n)
The next parliamentary ~ will be held in 2013.
~ means all the citizens that are entitled to vote in a
a general ~ (n)
elect sb (v)
Both candidates for the presidency are preparing for a
lengthy and expensive ~.
campaign for /
against sth (v)
polling station (n)
polling booth (n)
A ~ is a building where people go to cast their vote in
an election. In a secret election, voters are entitled to
make use of a ~ so that nobody will know about their
The country is
going to the polls
constituency (n) The whole country is divided into ~ies, each of which
is represented by its own MP.
= an electoral district
~ is a system that gives each party in an election a
number of seats relative to the number of votes its
candidates have received.
In a ~ system, the candidate receiving the largest
number of votes in a constituency wins a seat in
parliament, even if he has not been able to win an
be in proportion to
= the winner takes all
a majority system
a mayor (n) She became the first female ~ of Boston (= head of a
city or town).
More and more citizens choose to ~ from voting (= not
participate in a general election).
a referendum (n) When a ~ is held, all the people of a country have the
possibility to vote on an important issue.
opposition (n) When the conservative government lost its majority, it
became the new ~.
oppose sth (v)
an opponent (of: n)
pass (a bill) (v) Parliament has just ~ed the latest bill on tax reform by a
majority of 219 to 213 votes.
= approve of a pro-
balance of power
The three branches of government, i.e. the executive,
legislature and the judiciary, ensure a ~.
a system of checks
impartial (adj) An ~ judge does not favour one person or party in
relation to another.
= unbiased (adj)
rule (n) India used to be under British ~ (a British colony) until
it gained independence from Britain in 1947.
the ~ of law (n)
~ a country (v)
a (political) party
The ruling ~ is most likely to win the next regional
a one-party rule /
abolish (v) The struggle to ~ slavery in the US has lasted for more
than a century.