Posterior Thigh and Popliteal Fossa Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Posterior Thigh and Popliteal Fossa Deck (20):
1

Hamstrings

Made up of (3)

Semitendinosus

Semimembranosus

Biceps Femoris

2

Hamstrings

Function

Extend hip and flex knee

3

Semitendinosus

Attachments

Ischial tuberosity to the medial surface of the superior tibia

4

Semitendinosus

Innervation

Tibial division of the Sciatic nerve (L5, S2, S2)

5

Semimembranosus

Attachments

Ischial tuberosity to the posterior surface of the medial condyle of the tibia

6

Semimembranosus

Innervation

Tibial division of the Sciatic nerve (L5, S1, S2)

7

Biceps Femoris

Long head attachments

Ischial tuberosity to the head of the fibula

8

Biceps Femoris

Short head attachments

Linea aspera and lateral supracondylar line of the femur to the head of the fibula

9

Biceps Femoris

Long head innervation

Tibial division of the sciatic nerve (L5, S1, S2)

10

Biceps Femoris

Short head innervation

Common peroneal division of the Sciatic nerve (L5, S1, S2)

11

Rotaion of the Knee

Lateral rotation by

Biceps femoris

12

Rotaion of the Knee

Medial rotation by (4)

Semimembranosus

Semitendinosus

Gracillis

Sartorius

13

Sciatic Nerve

Root value, position and branches

Anterior Rami L4-S3

Deep to long head of biceps femoris

Tibial and Common Peroneal (fibular)

 

14

Popliteal Fossa

Roof

Deep fascia pierced by sural nerve and short saphenous vein

15

Popliteal Fossa 

Superior boundaries

Diverging tendons of hamstrings. 

Biceps femoris laterally

Semimembranosus and semitendinosus medially

16

Popliteal Fossa 

Inferiorly

Medial and lateral heads of the Gastrocnemius

17

Popliteal Fossa

Contents

Popliteal artery and vein

Terminal branches of sciatic nerve (Tibial and Common Peroneal)

18

Popliteal Fossa

Floor

Popliteal surface of the femur

Capsule of the knee joint

Popliteus musle

Oblique popliteal ligament

Middle Genicular vessels

19

Popliteal Artery

Path

Continuation of femoral artery.

Runs through adductor hiatus to inferior border of popliteus

20

Popliteal Artery

Branches

5 genicular branches

Terminal branches are anterior and posterior tibial arteries