Prentice Ch. 8 - Wrapping and Taping Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Prentice Ch. 8 - Wrapping and Taping Deck (45):
1

Wrap

a strip of cloth or other material used to cover a wound or hold dressing in place

2

dressing

covering protective or supportive that is applied to an injury or wound

3

elastic wrap

used for its elasticity, which allows it to conform easily to the contour of different body parts

4

cohesive elastic wrap

exerts a constant even pressure, it is light weight and contours easily to the body part. it is two layers of non-woven rayon, separated by stands of spandex material and a adhesive that makes the material adhere to itself eliminating the need for metal clips

5

spica

a figure-eight wrap with one of the two loops larger than the other

6

ankle spica

- elastic wrap, start at the base of the metatarsal and go up to the ankle and then back

7

spiral wrap

elastic wrap for the calf

8

Hip spica

support of a hip adductor strain

9

Shoulder spica

mainly to hold a protective pad in place or to limit shoulder flexion or abducion

10

elbow figure-eight wrap

used to secure a dressing in the antecubital fossa or to restrain full extension in the hyperextension injuries

11

hand and wrist figure-eight wrap

used for mild wrist and hand support and for holding dressing in place

12

Triangular bandages

usually made of cotton cloth, usually used for arm slings

13

Cervical arms sling

designed to support the forearm, wrist and hand

14

shoulder arm sling

suggest for forearm support when there is an injury to the shoulder girdle or when the cervical arm sling is irritating to the patient.
- front angle goes behind arm pit

15

sling and swathe

designed to stabilize the arm securely in cases of shoulder dislocation or fracture

16

Tape grade

adhesive tape usually graded according to the number of longitudinal and vertical fibers per inch of backing material
- the heavier and more costly backing contains 85 or more longitudinal fibers and 65 vertical fibers
- lighter the tape contains 65 or fewer longitudinal fibers and 45 or less vertical fibers

17

Adhesive mass

should adhere readily when applied and should maintain this adherence in the presence of profuse perspiration and activity
- should contain as few skin irritants as possible and must be able to be removed easily

18

Tape storage

- cool place to avoid damaging the pliability of the tape
- boxes should be stacked so that the tape rests on its flat top or bottom to avoid distortion

19

preparation for taping

skin should be oil free and hair should be shaved before tape is applied
- foam pads for heel and lace

20

manual removal

- when pulling from the body don't tear or irritate the skin.
- tape should be pulled in a direct line with the grain of the hairs

21

use of tape or scissors or cutters

be careful to avoid cutting the tape too near the site of injury

22

Arch tape no. 1

arch support
adhesive foam rubber pad with tape from lateral to medial

23

arch tape no. 2

the x for the longitudinal arch
kind of like a tear drop but the ends are on the pads of the metatarsals

24

arch tape no. 3

the x teardrop arch and forefoot support
you know dis one

25

arch tape no. 4

fan arch support
supports the entire plantar aspect of the foot

26

LowDye technique

managing the fallen medial longitudinal arch, foot pronation, arch strains, and plantar fasciitis
- 3 long strips
- 5 lateral to medial strips

27

sprained great toe

what you've been doing for turf toe

28

hallux valgus

base strip at the distal end of great toe
three strips on the medial side of the toe to keep it in neutral
put a foam pad in between 1st and 2nd toe

29

Turf toe

- designed to prevent extensive hyperextension of the metatarsophalangeal joint
- base strip at end of big toe and then use a fan

30

Hammer or clawed toes

- designed to reduce the pressure of the best toes against the shoe
- weave tape between toes

31

fractured toes

splints the fractured toe with a non fractured one
- put pad in between them and then tape

32

closed basket weave (gibney) technique

used for newly sprained or chronically weak ankles
usual ankle tape

33

open basket weave

designed to give freedom of movement in dorsiflexion and plantar flexion while providing lateral and medial support and allowing room for swelling
- may be used immediately after an acute sprain in conjunction with and elastic wrap and cold applications because it allows for swelling

34

continuous elastic tape technique

a fast alternative to other taping methods for the ankle
- looks like regular tape but with no horseshoes

35

Achilles tendon tape

designed to prevent the Achilles tendon from overstretching

36

MCL

used for pt with unstable knees
should never use tape and bracing as a replacement for proper rehab

37

rotary taping for instability of an injured knee

provide knee with support when it is unstable especially the medial collateral and anterior cruciate ligaments
- heel and lace pad
- elasticon cut on both ends
- forms a diamond on the knee cap

38

hyperextension

prevents the knee from hyperextending and may by used for a strained hamstring muscle of for slackened cruciate ligaments
- make a big X on the back of the leg

39

patellofemoral taping

prevents: glide, tilt, rotation, and anteroposterior orientation

40

elbow restriction

prevents hyperextension

41

wrist taping technique no.1

regular wrist tape

42

wrist taping no. 2

stabilizes and protects badly injured wrists
- with wrist bent toward side of the injured side run a strip of tape from the anchor strip near the little finger obliquely across the wrist joint to the wrist anchor strip
- basically make an 4 with four strips of tape and then do a figure 8

43

bruised hand

put protective pad over bruise and hold it in place with three strips of 1/2 tape to keep in place

44

sprained thumb

gives protection to the joint as well as support the thumb

45

finger and thumb checkreins

sprained finger or thumb may require the additional protection
- like a buddy taping but leaves a space in between the two fingers