Principal Rhetorical and Literary Devices Flashcards Preview

Latin 4H > Principal Rhetorical and Literary Devices > Flashcards

Flashcards in Principal Rhetorical and Literary Devices Deck (25)
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1

alliteration

repetition of the same letter at the beginning of words or syllables

2

anaphora

the repetition of a word or phrase for emphasis

3

anastrophe

inversion of usual word order (e.g., preposition after the word it governs)

4

aposiopesis

breaking off in the middle of a sentence

5

apostrophe

addressing a person who is not present

6

asyndeton

omission of conjunctions

7

chiasmus

"a-b-b-a" arrangement of words

8

ellipsis

omission of words

9

hendiadys

use of two nouns together to express a noun modified by an adjective

10

hyperbole

exaggeration

11

hysteron proteron

placing first what the reader might expect to come last

12

litotes

use of a negative to express a strong positive

13

metaphor

expression of meaning through an image

14

metonymy

substitution of one word for another that it suggests

15

onomatopoeia

use of words that sound like their meaning

16

oxymoron

use of an apparent contradiction

17

personification

attribution of human characteristics to something not human

18

pleonasm

use of superfluous words

19

polysyndeton

use of many conjunctions

20

prolepsis

(anticipation)
use of a word sooner than it would logically appear

21

simile

comparison using a word like "sicut", "similis", or "velut"

22

synecdoche

use of a part to express a whole

23

tmesis

the separation of a compound word into two parts

24

tricolon crescens

(ascending tricolon)
combination of three elements, increasing in size

25

zeugma

use of one word in two different sense simultaneously