Procedures Final Study Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Procedures Final Study Deck (79):
1

3 reasons upright chest

Fully aerate lungs
Prevent engorgement and hyperemia of heart and greater vessels
Demo air/fluid levels

2

2 Major muscle groups in abdomen

PSOAS muscles
Diaphragm

3

Accessory Organs

Pancreas
Gall Bladder
Liver
Salivary

4

Junction between large/small bowel

ileocecal valve

5

Opening between esophagus and stomach

Cardiac Orifice

6

Urinary 3 Constriction points

Urertopelvic junction
Uretrovesicular juntion
Pelvic Brim

7

3 Functions of digestive system

Intake
Absorbtion
Elimination

8

2 Examples of Negative Contrast

air and co2

9

What is esophogram prep

NPO after midnight
no gum chewing or smoking

10

Gall bladder location of asthenic

vertebral column

11

Pouch like portion of bowel

Cecum

12

Hand-carpal bone most frequent fracture

navicular

13

All joints of and and wrist are what class

Diarthroidal

14

What part of humerus does ulna articulate with

Trochlea of humerus

15

What neck of humerus is more proximal

Anatomical neck of humerus

16

What bone of forearm crosses over the other in pronation

Radius crosses over ulna

17

Where is ulnar notch located

Distal

18

When does radial head fit into radial fossa

During flexion

19

What lies just distal to medial epicondyle

Trochlea of humerus

20

Distal radioulnar joint MT

Pivot

21

Radiocarpal wrist MT

Condylar

22

Where is capitulate located

Lateral

23

What process of ulna is located anterior

Coranoid process

24

What forearm bone is longer

Ulna

25

Structure of shoulder is most lateral

Greater tuberosity of humerus

26

2 Depressions located on posterior surface of scapula

Supraspinous fossa
Infraspinous fossa

27

Anterior surface of scapula aka

costal
ventral

28

Most frequently fractured bone in shoulder girdle

Clavicle

29

Dislocated vs separated shoulder

Dislocated the humeral head no longer articulates with glenoid fossa
Separated- Widening of AC joint

30

Anatomical name for armpit

Axilla

31

3 main parts of sternum

Manubrium
Body
Xiphoid process

32

Body of sternum called

Corpus or gladiolus

33

Connects to sternum at level of sternal angle

anterior end of 2nd rib

34

Costovertebral joint made of

head of rib and thoracic vertebral bodies

35

# true
false
floating ribd

7 pair
5 pair
2 pair

36

Costotransverse joint made of

Tubercule of rib and transverse processes of thoracic vertebra

37

3 bones comprise innominate

Ilium
Ishium
Pubis

38

Male Pelvis

Pubic arch is actue
Iliae are less flared and pelvis is narrow
inlet is oval or heartshaped

39

Female Pelvis

Pubic arch is obtuse
iliae are more flared
pelvis is broader
Inlet is larger and more rounded

40

L apop jt is approx how many degrees from MSP

45

41

Why flex knees

Minimize lordotic curve

42

Part of anatomy projects off posterior lateral border of vertebral body

Pedicles

43

Process project off 2 laminae

Spinous process

44

2nd Cspine AKA

Axis

45

Appearance of C, T, L spine

C bifid tips
T pointy and long vertical
L blunt

46

SMV projection of skull

Base of skull

47

Why need short exposure time CXR

Stop motion of heart and lungs

48

What are breathing instructions of ribs below diaphragm

expiration

49

RPO spine demos

Lt interverterbral foramin of CSpine
Rt apaphyseal joints of LSpine

50

Twining Demos

C3-T3
Cervicothoracic region of spine

51

AP Axial Clavicle <

15-30° cephalic

52

PA Axial Clavicle <

15-30° caudal

53

Best demos coranoid process of ulna

Medial oblique elbow

54

Lt axaillary rib pain

LPO Ribs
elongates and puts it closest to IR

55

When is a SBFT done

When barium passes through ileocecal valve

56

PT on low residue diet, is it cool to have a milkshake

NO

57

When are laxitives and enemas used as prep for fluoro

BaE

58

What is valsava manuver

Bearing down demos hiatal hernias or refulx
increases intrabdominal pressure

59

Max allowable rotation on lateral CXR

.5 in-3/4 difference between posterior ribs

60

pt prep esophogram

NPO after midnight
no gum chewing or smoking

61

Duodenal bulb lies where in sthenic patients

L2

62

Pt prep UGI

NPO after midnight
no gum chewing or smoking

63

Double Contrast BAE demos what patho

polyps

64

Muscle around opening of common bile duct into duodenum

hepatopancreatic sphincter
sphincter of odi

65

What is your voice box

larynx

66

vessels that carry blood away from heart

arteries

67

Largest blood vessel in body

Aorta

68

Amount < lodotic chest cannot lean

<15-20° caudal

69

What are cervical ribs

ribs that project off of c7

70

How many bones are in the head

22

71

Which body habitus requires more obliquity for RAO

Asthenic

72

What protects spinal cord

Vertebral column

73

Accessory organs of digestion

pancreas
gallbladder
liver
salivary glands

74

Contracting phase of heart

Systole

75

Suspected Jeffereson's radiograph

AP cpine

76

Colle's fx

fx of distal radius with posterior displacement

77

Picture of cuboid

foot

78

boxers fracture

hand

79

sutures of skull class

synarthroidal