psych Flashcards Preview

First Aid Sections > psych > Flashcards

Flashcards in psych Deck (69):
1

classical conditioning

involuntary responses

2

operant conditioning

voluntary responses

3

Mature Defenses

Sublimation
Altruism
Suppresion
Humor

4

Tourette syndrome treatment

antipsychotics and behavioral therapy

5

separation anxiety treatment

relaxation/behavorial interventions
SSRIs

6

Alzherimer NT

decreased AcH

7

Anxiety NT

increase NE
decrease GABA, 5HT

8

Depression NT

decrease NE, 5HT, Dopamine

9

Huntington NT

decrease GABA, ACH
increase dopamine

10

Parkinson NT

decrease dopamine
increase 5HT, Ach

11

Schizophenia

increase dopamine

12

hypnagogic hallucination

while going to sleep

13

hypnopompic hallucination

when waking

14

olfactory hallucination

epilepsy

15

tactile hallucinations

withdrawal

16

brief psychotic disorder

<1 month

17

schizophreniform disorder

1-6 months

18

schizoaffective disorder

at least 2 weeks of stable mood + psychotic symptoms

19

delusional disorder

>1 month

20

manic episode

at least 1 week

21

cyclothymic disorder

milder form of bipolar disorder lasting at least 2 years

22

Bipolar I

manic episode w/ or w/o hypomanic or depressive

23

Bipolar II

hypomanic + depressive episode

24

dysthmia

persistent depressive disorder, at least 2 years

25

major depressive disorder

6-12 months

26

maternal/postpartum bles

resolves within 10 days

27

postpartum depression

2 weeks to longer

28

postpartum psychosis

last days to 4-6 weeks

29

ECT

major depressive disorder
pregnant women with major depressive disorder

30

adjustment disorder

<6 months

31

GAD

at least 6 months

32

OCD treatment

SSRIs, clomipramine

33

acute stress disorder

3 days to 1 month

34

PTSD

>1 month

35

malingering

2ndry gain

36

factitious disorders

primary gain (medical attnetion)

37

Cluster A

paranoid, schizoid, schizotypal

38

Cluster B

antisocial, borderline, histrionic, narcissistic

39

Cluster C

avoidant, o-c, dependent

40

modafinil

nacrolepsy treatment

41

narcolepsy cause

decrease orexin

42

opiod overdose

pinpoint pupils

43

opiod withdrawl

dilated pupils

44

gamma-glutamyltransferase

indicates alcohol use

45

cocaine intoxication

pupil dilation

46

Neuroleptic malignant syndrome symptoms

fever
encephalopathy, vitals unstable, enzymes increased, rigidity of muscle

47

NMS tratment

dantrolene
d2 agonists - bromocriptine

48

Atypical Antipsychotics

olanzapine, clozapine, quietapine, risperidone, aripiprazole, ziprasidone

49

olanzapine/clozapine AE

weight gain

50

clozapine AE

agranulocytosis, seizures

51

risperidone

increase prolactin --> gynecomastia or laction
decrease GnRH, LH, FSH

52

ziprasidone

prolong QT

53

buspirone

stimulates 5HT1a receptors

54

cyproheptaide

treat serotonin syndrome
5ht2 receptor antagnosit

55

TCA AE

coma, convulsion, cardiotoxicity

56

MAOI contraindicated with

SSRIs, TCAs
St john worts
meperidine
dextromethorphan

57

buproprion

smoking cessation
increases NE and dopamine

58

mirtazapine

alpha 2 antagonist
causes weight gain

59

trazodone

blocks 5ht2 and alpha 1 receptors
use for insomnia
priapism

60

sexual advances to MD

histronic personality disorder

61

dexmedetomidine

alpha2 agonist
treat cocaine overdose

62

LSD

hallucinations, dilated pupils, delusions

63

chlordiazepoxide

benzo

64

catatonic schizophrenia

excess of Dopamine (D2 pathway)
treat with typical antipsychotics

65

lab abnormality in MNS

hypocalecemia (rhabdomylosis?)

66

bupropion indicated as SSRI when

pt is a smoker or fearful of adverse sexual effects

67

chlorpromazine

typical antipsychotic
can cause excess prolactin

68

Alchoholic hallucinosis

12-14 hrs later

69

Delirium tremens

48hrs later
lots of symptoms + hallucinations