Psych 256 Exam #2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Psych 256 Exam #2 Deck (26)
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1

3. The memory scanning method where the "little guy in your head" checks each item and quits as soon as he or she finds a match is
a. Serial self-terminating search
b. Serial exhaustive search
c. Parallel search
d. Exhaustive self-terminating search

a. Serial self-terminating search ****

2

8. What is the best way to describe the outcome of the study that affected virtuallyl everyone who grew up attending school in the US?
a. A letter is first encoded phonetically, and then is coded visually, which is why we learn how to read by "sounding it out"
b. A letter is first encoded visually, and later recalled phonetically, which is why we learn how to read by "sounding it out"
c. We learn how to read by "sounding it out" because we first see a letter and immediately recall what it looks like.
d. We learn how to read by "sounding it out" because we first see a letter and immediately recall what it sounds like.

b. A letter is first encoded visually, and later recalled phonetically, which is why we learn how to read by "sounding it out" ****

3

9. Studying eye fixations of good readers generally shows
a. They do not fixate
b. They fixate on every word
c. They fixate, but not on every word
d. None of the above

c. They fixate, but not on every word*****

4

13. Which of the following is the correct order of Depth of Processing that Fergus Craik proposed?
a. Visual » auditory » semantic
b. Shallow » deeper » deepest
c. Fergus Craik didn't propose DOP
d. Both a & b

d. Both a & b *****

5

24. What portion of the brain is extremely sensitive to vision?
a. Frontal lobe
b. Parietal lobe
c. Occipital lobe
d. Broca's area

c. Occipital lobe ****

5

Megan volunteered for an experiment. She was shown the word "WORD," which was then taken away and she was shown a D and a K. In another condition, Megan was shown the letters D and K and then shown D and K. Based on what principle will Megan have an easier time identifying the D or K when WORD had appeared earlier?
a. Word Superiority Effect
b. Atkinson-Shiffrin Model
c. Depth of processing
d. Single-mindedness

a. Word Superiority Effect

5

Release from proactive interference reflects
a. More inhibition within semantic neighborhoods than between semantic neighborhoods
b. Less inhibition between semantic neighborhoods than within semantic neighborhoods
c. Forgetting
d. All of the above

?

5

In which of the following regions of the brain are hypercolumns located?
a. retina
b. left LGN
c. visual cortex
d. right LGN

?

6

25. The Atkinson and Shiffrin model explained why
a. Counting backwards has little or no effect on primacy
b. Presentation rate has a large effect on primacy
c. Recall is worst for items that come between the earliest and most recent items
d. All of the above

d. All of the above ****

7

28. Which of the following describes the graph of the results depicting parallel search with limited capacity?
a. As the value of n increases, the reaction time increases with a positively accelerating slope
b. As the value of n increases, the reaction time increases with a negatively accelerating slope.
c. As the value of n increases, the reaction time does not change because you are not searching things serially.
d. As the value of n increases, the reaction time increases in constant proportion to the value of n.

b. As the value of n increases, the reaction time increases with a negatively accelerating slope. ****

8

29. Sally is listening to series of unrelated words and is asked soon after to recall as many words as possible. It appears that she remembers many words from the beginning of the list and many at the end. However, the words in the middle of the list were not well remembered. She then listens to a second set of unrelated words. This time the rate at which they are presented is increased. According to Atkinson and Shiffrin, how will this change Sally's recall?
a. Her recall of the words at the end of the list will be more affected by the rate change than her recall of the words at the start of the list.
b. Her recall of the words at the start of the list will be more affected by the rate change than her recall of the words at the end of the list.
c. Her recall of the words in the middle of the list will be most affected by the rate change
d. The theory makes no prediction about this.

b. Her recall of the words at the start of the list will be more affected by the rate change than her recall of the words at the end of the list. ****

9

30. Which part of the brain plays a critical role in memory formation?
a. The medulla
b. The parietal lobe
c. The hippocampus
d. The cerebellum

c. The hippocampus ***

10

48. The question of how the brain puts together various features in the visual field is referred to as the
a. Binding Problem
b. Feature-Integration Theory
c. Illusory Conjunction
d. Visual System Problem

a. Binding Problem ****

11

58. The inability to recognize objects that results neither from general intellectual loss nor loss of basic sensory abilities is called
a. Visual agnosia
b. Prosopagnosia
c. Recognition-by-components theory
d. Template matching

a. Visual agnosia****

12

59. If Dr. Rosenbaum decided to recite a list of the names of everyone in the class, you would be more likely to remember
a. The first few names in the list
b. The last few names in the list
c. Both a and b
d. Both a and b but most especially your own name

d. Both a and b but most especially your own name ****

13

68. Single-mindedness means that you can
a. Only think of one thing at a time
b. Think of more than one thing at a time if they are things you like to think about
c. Do two things at once but when you are unmarried
d. Remain a bachelor forever

a. Only think of one thing at a time ****

14

79. After an accident that happened during WWII, Richard was able to recognize objects by their feel, smell, or sound, but was unable to distinguish a square from a circle. Richard's case is an example of?
a. Amnesia
b. Visual coding
c. Short-term memory loss
d. Visual agnosia

d. Visual agnosia****

15

82. Mike was driving a car when he got into a crash. Based on research reviewed in lecture, which of the following was he most likely doing?
a. Talking on a hands-free device
b. Talking on a hand-held device
c. Taking to a passenger in the car
d. Either a or b

d. Either a or b ****

16

The mean reaction time for searching for conjunction of features
a. Takes longer than the mean reaction time of searching for a single feature
b. Takes shorter than the mean reaction time of searching for a single feature
c. Takes the same amount of time as searching for a single feature
d. Takes longer than reaction times that are not mean but instead are kind

a. Takes longer than the mean reaction time of searching for a single feature ****

17

120. Based on the research study done at the University of Massachusetts with a driving simulator, which of the following is true?
a. Driving training is irrelevant when measuring the percentage of critical area a driver looks at.
b. Drivers without prior training naturally view a higher percentage of critical areas when driving than those with training.
c. Drivers with prior training view a higher percentage of critical areas while driving than those without training.
d. None of the above.

c. Drivers with prior training view a higher percentage of critical areas while driving than those without training. ****

18

125. Sarah is listening to her two friends both speaking at the same time, one of whom is on one side of her and the other of whom is on the other side of her. One friend was talking about her bee hive and how much honey it was producing, while her other friend was talking about her grandmother's house in Italy. When the two friends were done talking, Sarah found she could only remember information about the house in Italy. This result cannot possibly be explained by
a. Filter theory
b. Late-selection theory
c. Ear-based attention
d. None of these. Each of these can potentially explain this.

d. None of these. Each of these can potentially explain this. ****

19

131. Which of the following is the most dangerous?
a. Driving a car while talking to the person next to you
b. Driving a car while talking on a cell-phone using a hands-free device
c. Driving a car while talking on a cell-phone using a hand-held device
d. Both b and c

d. Both b and c****

20

134. Read this: forinstancethissentenceishardtoread. Which principle explains why this take you longer than usual to read?
a. Gestalt principle of proximity
b. Gestalt principle of similarity
c. Gestalt principle of good continuation
d. None of the above

d. None of the above ****

153

Megan volunteered for an experiment. She was shown the word "WORD," which was then taken away and she was shown a D and a K. In another condition, Megan was shown the letters D and K and then shown D and K. Based on what principle will Megan have an easier time identifying the D or K when WORD had appeared earlier?
a. Word Superiority Effect
b. Atkinson-Shiffrin Model
c. Depth of processing
d. Single-mindedness

a. Word Superiority Effect

154

Release from proactive interference reflects
a. More inhibition within semantic neighborhoods than between semantic neighborhoods
b. Less inhibition between semantic neighborhoods than within semantic neighborhoods
c. Forgetting
d. All of the above

?

155

In which of the following regions of the brain are hypercolumns located?
a. retina
b. left LGN
c. visual cortex
d. right LGN

?