Flashcards in Psych 490 Exam #1 Deck (82)
Family development includes what two types of graded norms?
Age and Stage
Aims to discover...
And to promote what?
Aims to discover the levels of organization in social interactions and relationships and how these levels or contexts of social experience are related to each other
To promote individual (and family) development.
The context in which children live and interact with the people and institutions closest to them
Family, school, peers, religios affiliation, workplace, and neighborhoods
Interrelations among the components of the microsystem
Family Social Peers Religios Affiliation Workplace Neighborhoods
The collection of settings that influence a child's development but in which the child does not play a direct role
Economic system, political system, education system, government system, religios system
The system representing the values, ideologies, and laws of the society or culture
Overarching beliefs and values
The time based dimension
Dimension of time
What is the Spillover Hypothesis
The tranmission of mood, affect, or behavior across different contexts or subsystems
When it comes to wholeness and order, the whole is greater than what?
The sum of parts
Within the Hierarchical Structure, the family system is composed of subsystems, what are they?
Parent-child, marital, and sibling
What is Adaptive Self-Stabilization?
To compensate by internal changes in teh system to adapt to environmental changes.
What is Adaptive Self-Organization?
The ability to adapt to changes in or challenge to the existing systems.
In a subsystem, what is a Dyadic?
Marital, parent-child, sibling
In a subsystem, what is a triadic?
Mother, sibling 1, sibling 2
Coparenting (mother, father and at least one child)
In a subsystem, what is a Tetradic (and larger)?
Four people (e.g., mother, father, older sibling, younger sibling)
In a subsystem, what is a whole family?
Consider the family as a whole
Within a 4 member family, there are
__ Whole family
The hierarchical organization is composed of what embedded within a what?
Is composed of smaller subsystems embedded within a larger system (context)
What are the rules for interacting and relating within and across subsystems (3)
1. Marital/coparenting/parental roles more power within the family
2. Siblings learn how to negotiate
3. Parents do not communicate through the children when they are angry
What are the characteristics of the system that that compensate for changes in the environment when dealing with adaptive self-stabilization?
Family rules/routines that organize the family systemand maintain family system even in the face of deviations
When dealing with adaptive self organization, what are the 3 responses for to external factors?
1. Normative transitions: transitions to parenthood, transitions to school, one sibling leaves home for college
2. Other transitions: Death of a family member, parent goes to war
What is the basic research process?
Theory ---> Hypothesis (specific predictions derived from the theory) ---> Gathering data
What is a hypothesis?
A specific assumption or prediction that can be tested to determine its accuracy. Studies are generally designed to test specific hypothesis.
What are the 4 ways to self-report?
2. Daily diary/Experience sampling
3. Life history timelines
How does self-report work on an individual or family?
They can report on other family members (kids report on maternal negativity; mother reports on fathers coparenting)
How does child self report work, and what are special methods?
Kids are less attentive, slower to respond, and have more trouble understanding the questions that researchers ask
Special Methods: puppet interview techniques, story completion
When parents engage in self report what are child behaviors generally based on?
Many observations made over time in a variety of situations
What are ways to increase accuracy when having the parents self-report (3)?
1. Ask only about recent event
2. Ask parents to keep a structured diary
3, Ask about "family stories"
What is a daily diary and how long does it take?
Interview or questionnaire that is completed repeatedly over a short time