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Flashcards in Psych 256 Final Deck (81)
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1

Which of the following is true regarding people's reasoning when shown the following two results of flipping a quarter: TTTTT or THTTH
a. People tend to think that THTTH is a more probable result, and they would be correct.
b. People tend to think that TTTTT is a more probable result. However, THTTH is actually a more probable result of a coin toss.
c. People tend to think that THTTH is a more probable result. However, TTTTT is actually a more probable result of a coin toss.
d. People tend to think that THTTH is a more probable result. However, the probability of flipping TTTTT is the same as THTTH

d. People tend to think that THTTH is a more probable result. However, the probability of flipping TTTTT is the same as THTTH.*

2

Which of the following would the rational choice model predict?
a. There would be an equal likelihood that someone would choose to have a 50% chance of winning $200 or a 100% chance of winning $100.
b. There would be an equal likelihood that someone would choose to have a 50% chance of losing $200 or a 100% chance of losing $100.
c. Both and a and b
d. Neither a nor b

c. Both and a and b *

3

When viewing yourself in a mirror
a. It is possible to see your eyes moving.
b. You will see your eyes moving as long as they are moving slowly enough.
c. You are always able to see your own eyes move better than someone watching you would be able to see your eyes move.
d. You will not be able to see your own eyes move

d. You will not be able to see your own eyes move.*

4

Slips of the tongue can be
a. Semantic errors
b. Syntactic errors
c. Morphological errors
d. All of the above

d. All of the above*

5

According to a study done on monkeys, monkeys can still point to a target after
a. Decapitation
b. Deafferentation
c. Dissection
d. Dissertations

b. Deafferentation*

6

Karl Lashley argued that
a. Deafferentation doesn't prevent sequencing
b. Movement sequences are too quick to be based on feedback
c. The same response can be followed by different responses
d. All of the above

d. All of the above *

7

As part of a psychological experiment, Susan is asked to remember a string of letters. She does this by sorting them into sets of easily recognized groups such as FBI and YMCA. This would be an example of
a. patterning
b. subliminal advertising
c. chunking
d. groping

c. chunking*

8

Observing people while sitting on a bench in the park is an example of which of the following?
a. the park experiment
b. real-time observation
c. naturalistic observation
d. nature watching

c. naturalistic observation*

9

Which of the following situations would show the benefit of encoding specificity (Light & Carter-Sobell)?
a. study in a forest and take the exam in a classroom
b. study while tired and take the exam while very wide awake
c. study in the same classroom as the exam
d. study while drunk and take the exam while sober

c. study in the same classroom as the exam*

10

Kosslyn's Island Task demonstrated that:
a. reaction time to scan between two points increases as the distance between the points increases.
b. reaction time to scan between two points increases as the distance between the points decreases.
c. reaction time to scan between two points decreases as the distance between the points increases.
d. none of the above.

a. reaction time to scan between two points increases as the distance between the points increases.*

11

Which of the following is not one of Lashley's arguments regarding the Serial Order Problem?
a. Deafferentation does not prevent sequencing
b. Movement sequences are too quick to be based on feedback
c. The same response can be followed by different responses
d. Errors do not reflect plans

d. Errors do not reflect plans*

12

Who was the first person to propose unconscious processes?
a. Sigmund Freud
b. William James
c. Hermann von Helmholtz
d. Giacomo Rizzolatti

c. Hermann von Helmholtz*

13

The inability to remember that you didn’t know something before is known as
a. Hindsight bias
b. Conflict bias
c. Compatibility bias
d. Variability bias

a. Hindsight bias*

14

When people are presented with conflict, it causes them to
a. Withhold their decision
b. Make their decisions more readily
c. Consider their decisions less carefully
d. Have no effect on their decision

a. Withhold their decision

15

What are the odds of getting either of these patterns when flipping a coin?
HHHHHH
TTHTHTH
a. HHHHHH is more likely
b. TTHTHTH is more likely
c. they are equally likely
d. it’s impossible to tell because flipping a coin relies on chance

c. they are equally likely

16

Saying "flow snurries" when you meant to say "snow flurries" is an example of a _______ error
a. Phonological
b. Typing
c. Syntax
d. Semantic

a. Phonological*

17

Neurons that fire when you do something or see someone else do that same thing are called _________
a. Pattern neurons
b. Mirror neurons
c. Harpo neurons
d. Mimic neurons

b. Mirror neurons

18

When told that Bob missed his bus by 5 minutes and Emily missed her bus by 1 minute we assume that Emily is more upset about missing her bus than Bob, even though their objective situations are the same. This reflects
a. Mental Simulation
b. Hindsight
c. Representativeness
d. Availability Bias

a. Mental Simulation

19

Suddenly figuring out the solution to a problem that you have been working on is called a(n) ___________
a. Einstein moment
b. Molto Bene moment
c. Great Scott moment
d. Eureka moment

d. Eureka moment

20

While processing and imagining scenes or locations, which region is most active?
a. Fusiform Face Area
b. Para-hippocampal Place Area
c. Frontal Lobe
d. Occipital Lobe

b. Para-hippocampal Place Area

21

Which of the following is the probability that a hypothesis is true before consideration of the evidence?
a. Conditional probability
b. Prior probability
c. Posterior probability
d. None of the above

b. Prior probability

22

A gambler who has flipped a coin a number of times and gets 6 heads is more prone to believe that the next coin flipped will land on tails. This belief is called the
a. Short term memory loss
b. Gambler's Fallacy
c. Probability Fallacy
d. None of the above

b. Gambler's Fallacy

23

The way a problem is expressed has an effect on the way it is solved. This is called the
a. Framing effect
b. Doppler effect
c. Subjective probability
d. None of the above

a. Framing effect

24

The time it takes to indicate that "R" is normal ____ the more its orientation departs from the vertical.
a. increases
b. decreases
c. rotates
d. stays the same

a. increases

25

In Shepard’s mental rotation data, the more rotation you do in depth, the _______ it takes.
a. less time
b. longer
c. same amount
d. faster

b. longer

26

Which was not one of Lashey’s arguments on the serial order problem?
a. Deafferentation doesn't prevent sequencing
b. Errors reflect plans
c. The same response can be followed by different responses
d. Movement sequences are too slow to be based on feedback

d. Movement sequences are too slow to be based on feedback *

27

Who studied the "visual cliff"?
a. Mel Goodale
b. Eleanor Gibson
c. Hermann von Helmhotlz
d. Jean Piaget

b. Eleanor Gibson *

28

Which one of the following is an example of an action slip?
a. Taking milk from the fridge
b. Slipping in a puddle on the sidewalk
c. Throwing a dirty sock into the toilet instead of the hamper
d. Leaving your cell phone at home

c. Throwing a dirty sock into the toilet instead of the hamper

29

I argued that action was a result of plans and not reflex chains. Who am I?
a. Karl Lashley
b. B.F. Skinner
c. Donald Norman
d. Sigmund Freud

a. Karl Lashley

30

When the monkey from Taub and Berman's experiment had one arm de-afferented, he was ________, but when he had both arms de-afferented, he was __________
a. not able to walk properly, not able to walk properly
b. not able to walk properly, able to walk properly
c. able to walk properly, not able to walk properly
d. able to walk properly, able to walk properly

b. not able to walk properly, able to walk properly