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Flashcards in Psychiatry - Psychology Deck (27)
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1

What is classical conditioning?

A natural response is elicited by a conditioned or learned stimulus

2

What is operant conditioning?

Learning an action because it produces a reward

3

What is positive reinforcement?

Reward for action

4

What is negative reinforcement?

Aversive stimulus for action

5

What is punishment (psychology)?

repeated application of aversive stimulus extinguishes unwanted behavior

6

What is extinction (psychology)?

Discontinuation of reinforcement eliminates behavior

7

What is transference?

patient projects feelings about important persons onto physicians

8

Patient unconsciously shifts his emotion for his parent to the doctor. What is this?

Transference

9

What is countertransference?

doctor projects feelings about formative or other important persons onto patient

10

Doctor shifts emotion of important person to patient. What is this?

Countertransference

11

Ego defense: Acting out

Unacceptable feelings/thoughts expressed through actions

Immature

12

Ego defense: Dissociation

Immature

temporary, drastic change in personality, memory, consciousness or motor behavior to avoid emotional stress

13

Ego defense: Denial

Immature
Avoidance of awareness of painful reality

14

Ego defense: Displacement

Immature
Avoided ideas and feelings transferred to some neutral person or object

15

Ego defense: Fixation

Remaining at more childish level of development

16

Ego defense: Identification

Modeling behavior after a more powerful person (not necessarily admired)

17

Ego defense: Isolation of affect

Separation of feelings from ideas and events

18

Ego defense: Projection

An unacceptable internal impulse attributed to external source

19

Ego defense: Rationalization

Immature
Proclaiming logical reasons for actions actually performed for other reasons to avoid self blame

20

Ego defense: Reaction formation

Emphasis of opposite feeling

21

Ego defense: Regression

Turning back maturational clock

22

Ego defense: Repression

Involuntary withholding of idea/feeling from conscious awareness

23

Ego defense: Splitting

Belief that people are all good or bad - seen in borderline personality disorder

24

Ego defense: Altruism

Mature
Guilty feeling alleviated by generosity towards others

25

Ego defense: Humor

Appreciating amusing nature of anxiety-provoking or adverse situation

26

Ego defense: Sublimation

One replaces unacceptable wish with course of action similar to wish but does not conflict values

27

Ego defense: Suppression

Voluntary withholding of idea